Abortion rights advocates and anti-abortion activists voice their opinions in front of the Florida Supreme Court on Wednesday, February 7 in Tallahassee, Florida. Credit: Alicia Devine/Tallahassee Democrat/USA Today Network.

(CNN) --

The Florida Supreme Court on Monday cleared the way for the state's ban on abortion at six weeks of gestation to take effect, while allowing Floridians to vote in November on whether or not to enshrine the protections. of abortion in the state constitution.



By upholding the current ban on abortion after 15 weeks of gestation in Florida, the state Supreme Court activated a measure that prohibits the termination of pregnancy at six weeks, which Florida legislators approved last year. The law will take effect within 30 days. However, in a separate ruling, the court also authorized the drafting of a proposed state constitutional amendment that would protect the right to abortion in Florida, allowing it to enter the ballot as a Fourth Amendment in November, when it could potentially undo both bans. Constitutional amendments in that state need the support of at least 60% of voters to pass.

  • The legal battle of a teenager in Florida who seeks to have an abortion

Monday's rulings will make Florida one of the most restrictive states in the United States on abortion and set up an election-year battle over reproductive rights in a long-running swing state that has leaned Republican. in the recent elections.

With the measure about to appear on the state ballot, Florida will join other states, including Michigan and Ohio, where voters have directly weighed in on reproductive rights since the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the Roe v. Wade who protected the right to abortion. The initiative could also boost voter turnout in what is expected to be a close rematch between President Joe Biden and former President Donald Trump.

  • Judge rules that a law that prohibits abortions at 15 weeks in Florida is unconstitutional

In January, Floridians Protecting Freedom, the coalition behind the ballot initiative, gathered just under a million signatures from registered voters to qualify for review by the Florida Supreme Court. The justices had to decide whether the amendment's language is clear, unambiguous and would not confuse voters. The court also had to evaluate whether the ballot text addresses a single issue. Both legal requirements had to be met for the amendment to appear on the ballot.

The text of the proposed amendment that will appear on the ballot reads: “No law shall prohibit, penalize, delay, or restrict abortion before viability or when necessary to protect the health of the patient, as determined by the health care provider of the patient.” the patient. “This amendment does not change the constitutional authority of the Legislature to require notification to a parent or guardian before a minor obtains an abortion.”

  • What regulates the new law on abortion in Florida?

On the other hand, this Monday the Florida Supreme Court also approved the text for a fall ballot measure on recreational marijuana. Amendment 3 would authorize recreational marijuana use for adults 21 and older and allow people to possess up to three ounces (85 grams) of marijuana. In 2016, Florida voters legalized medical marijuana through a constitutional amendment.

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