The results of a study published on the “Science Daily” website shed light on the primary relationship between brain activity at night and corresponding daytime behavior in the “hippocampus” region, which is a part of the brain involved in emotion, learning, and short- and long-term memory. The main author of the study, a professor of neuroscience at NYU Langone Health, Dr. György Buzsaki, along with 4 other researchers at NYU, and a data analyst from the Mila Quebec Institute for Artificial Intelligence, focused on the hippocampus area, as using advanced techniques, they monitored the activity of hundreds of neurons simultaneously in laboratory mice, Which move inside a maze to get delicious food as a reward for them. The scientists noticed that when the mouse paused to taste its reward after successfully passing the maze, they recorded distinct sharp spikes (SWRs), which are rhythmic patterns resulting from highly synchronized neural activity within the hippocampus, ranging in number from 5 to 20 at a time. According to the study team, thinking about an event shortly after it occurs can enhance the formation of long-term memories, although unconscious bursts of electrical activity in the brain are responsible for this process. During the rat maze experiment, Distinct sharp wave ripples (SWRs) were detected in the brains of mice during their sleep. While the animals were sleeping in the laboratory, neurons in the hippocampus that had previously been active during daytime maze activities quickly fired up again. This activity resembled the animals “rebooting "Events recorded repeatedly throughout the night, occurring thousands of times. Dr. Buzsaki and his team consider that the activation of neurons in the hippocampus is responsible for storing geographical information in memory, such as the layout of the rooms of a house or the paths taken in a maze. Dr. Winnie Yang, one of the The study's co-authors expressed optimism about potential therapeutic applications, especially for individuals with memory disorders or post-traumatic stress disorder. While Dr. Dafna Shohamy, from the Zuckerman Institute at Columbia University (who was not involved in the study), highlighted the importance of their findings. refers to human perception, emphasizing the relationship between successful task completion and memory retention.