The negative effects of this chronic disease, which is described as a silent disease in many cases, on the quality of life, impairing fertility, and delaying childbearing, while early diagnosis of the disease helps limit its spread and complications.

Painful symptoms

Endometriosis surgery consultant, Professor Horace Roman, defines the disease as a chronic disease that is accompanied by severe pain that affects life during menstrual periods and urination, and causes chronic pelvic pain, flatulence, nausea, fatigue, and sometimes depression, anxiety, and infertility, in what is considered The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, which is most of the time associated with menstrual periods, although many women feel painful cramps during menstrual periods and excessive bleeding. Women with endometriosis describe that menstrual pain is much worse than usual, and it may also worsen. Pain over time, and the patient may feel pain in the lower back and stomach as well, and feel pain during sexual intercourse and during urination.

Loss of organ function

He points out that advanced endometrial diseases may affect the organs adjacent to the uterus, such as the rectum, ureters, or bladder, and organs far from the uterus, such as the diaphragm or sacral plexus. It also affects kidney function, and the risk of expansion of the disease tissue may reach a loss of kidney function or parts of the intestine. Therefore, a woman should listen to her body language because unusual symptoms or severe pain during menstrual periods may be the first sign of endometriosis.

Professor Roman stresses that women should consult a specialist doctor as soon as possible, as some women with endometriosis do not show any symptoms, and the disease is discovered accidentally when they are unable to get pregnant or after they undergo surgery for another reason, and here the disease is silent. It must be noted that a specialized doctor with extensive experience in this field is considered the right choice to avoid misdiagnosis and obtain the appropriate treatment plan according to each case, and MRI is considered the most accurate means of diagnosing the disease.

Professor Roman explains that there are multiple reasons that may contribute to the occurrence of the disease, such as genetics, environmental factors, hormones or immune factors that may help transform the cells lining the inner side of the abdomen, while managing the symptoms of the disease and the risk of its recurrence with medications such as birth control pills is one of the main methods of treatment. Women with this disease may need surgery in selected cases. It is very effective for treating pain and infertility. The beginning of the thirties is considered the appropriate age for surgery for this disease.

Some studies indicate that endometriosis increases the risk of ovarian cancer, but the overall age-specific risk of developing ovarian cancer is initially low.

It remains fairly low in people with endometriosis.

Although rare, there is another type of cancer, adenocarcinoma associated with endometriosis, which can occur later in life in women with endometriosis.