The kick-off of the match between the arch-rivals on Tuesday at the famous Maracanã stadium in Rio de Janeiro, which Argentina won 1-0, was delayed for about half an hour, after violent confrontations broke out between fans of both sides.

The famous stadium entered a state of chaos, as players tried in vain to convince fans to stop the problem, and Argentina captain Lionel Messi advanced his teammates who headed to the dressing room, only to return after the violence stopped.

Police responded to the riot with batons, injuring several fans.

FIFA said in a statement: "FIFA can confirm that its disciplinary committee has initiated proceedings against the Brazilian and Argentine football federations."

Brazil faces sanctions for "possible violations of Article 17" of FIFA's disciplinary code, which relates to order and security at matches.

Argentina, who inflicted Brazil's first loss on home soil in a World Cup qualifier ever, also face penalties for "disturbing fans" and "kick-off delays".

Both countries could face fines in addition to playing international matches at home with partial or total closure of their stadiums, the two most common punishments.

Argentina lead the South American qualifiers with 15 points from six games, while Brazil suffered their third loss in the current qualifiers and fell to sixth place with seven points out of a possible 6.