Texas governor signs controversial law on irregular entry of migrants 2:49

(CNN Spanish) -

The controversial Texas SB4 law, a strict rule that makes irregular entry into the territory a state crime and allows local authorities to arrest and deport migrants, was enacted last December by the state's governor, Greg Abbott. , amid condemnations from civil rights organizations and immigrant advocacy groups.

It was scheduled to come into effect next Tuesday.

  • Governor Abbott signs border law in Texas that penalizes irregular entry into the state and allows authorities to arrest migrants

However, this Thursday, a federal judge ordered the state to block the implementation of the law.

"If allowed to proceed, SB 4 could open the door for each state to pass its own version of immigration law," Judge David Alan Ezra wrote, granting a preliminary injunction against the law.

  • Federal judge blocks enforcement of controversial Texas immigration law

But what exactly does it consist of?

These are the keys to the new law in a state where 40% of the population is part of the Latino community.

What is the SB4 law and what does it consist of?

The rule known as SB4 is state legislation that toughens measures against migrants in Texas.

  • The law criminalizes illegal entry into Texas and makes it a state crime.

  • Being a crime, this allows police officers to detain and deport migrants.

    Authorities can detain a person based on their appearance, simply out of suspicion.

  • Authorizes state judges to order the expulsion of migrants to Mexico.

  • Allocates US$1.5 billion for Texas to build its own border wall.

  • Between $20 million and $30 million of the taxes paid by Texas residents per 1.6 km will be allocated to build the wall.

Thousands of migrants wait at the US southern border 2:47

Who does it affect?

Mainly, and from there its objective begins, at people who enter Texas irregularly.


Democratic members of the House of Representatives have warned that the law oversteps the powers of the federal government and replicates Arizona's immigration status provision in what opponents have called the “show me your papers” law.

That is, local authorities can request the documents of anyone in any part of the state.

If they do not have them, the person may be detained and may be deported to Mexico.

The American Civil Liberties Union has threatened to sue Abbott over the measure, which the organization calls one of the toughest anti-immigrant laws ever passed by any state.

Krish O'Mara Vignarajah, president and CEO of the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, said in response to the law's enactment that the state threatens the "safety and dignity of asylum seekers."

“By criminalizing the very act of seeking refuge, Texas is turning its back on the values ​​of compassion and due process that make our nation the global model of humanitarian leadership,” Vignarajah said in a statement Monday.

With information from Juan Carlos López, Rosa Flores and Sara Weisfeldt.