This day is in history

1942

- the Nazis shot more than 1,500 Jews in the Minsk ghetto.

In memory of this, a memorial to the victims of the genocide, known as "The Pit", was made at the place of execution.

"Yama" memorial to the victims of the Nazi genocide, Minsk

1994

— The Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus voted for a presidential form of government.

The BNF parliamentary opposition boycotted the vote, saying that the introduction of the presidency would lead to a dictatorship.

2001

— a fund in memory of the famous Belarusian historian and writer

Mykola Yermalovich

was founded .

They were born on this day

1562

-

Krystap Mikalai Darogastaysky

, statesman of the Great Patriotic War, doctor of medicine.

1879

-

Michal Krol,

Belarusian neuropathologist.

1896

-

Stanislav Gliakovski,

Catholic priest, teacher of Vilnius Belarusian Gymnasium, publisher.

During the German occupation, he was arrested by the Nazis in Minsk, disappeared without a trace.



1905

-

Ilya Nekrashevich

, Belarusian physicist, one of the founders of the scientific theory of plasma physics.

1918

-

Ales Bachila

, poet and writer, author of opera librettos and song lyrics ("My dear Motherland").

Ales saw.

A grave at the Eastern cemetery.

Photo for the project "Belarusian National Necropolis"

1931

-

Mikhail Gorbachev

, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the first and last president of the USSR, Nobel Peace Prize laureate.

Mikhail Gorbachev

In memory

1939

-

Oscar Milosz,

a French poet born in the Belarusian town of Chareya, a relative and teacher of the Nobel laureate in literature Czeslaw Milosz.

1977

-

Timofey Khvedashchenya

, military officer, ataman of "Green Oak".



1997

J.

Carson Mark

, an American scientist, one of the developers of the hydrogen bomb.



2011

Valery Rubinchik

, Soviet, Belarusian and Russian film director.

Valery Rubinchyk


2011

Tadiana Klyestornaya

, children's writer, the eldest daughter

of Todar Klyestorny

.

2013

Mykola Orochka

, Belarusian poet.

Mykola Orochka

2014

Ryhor Baradulin

, People's Poet of Belarus.

2018

-

Giorgi Shtykhov

, archaeologist, historian.

George Shtykhov