Cairo - Sputnik.

A statement published on the official website of the French presidency said that Macron and the Saudi Crown Prince discussed by telephone “the urgent need to reach an agreement on a ceasefire in Gaza, which would guarantee the protection of all civilians, the entry of emergency aid on a large scale, and the release of all hostages, including... "Including three of our citizens. The President of the Republic once again expressed France's firm opposition to the Israeli attack on Rafah, which can only lead to a humanitarian catastrophe." The statement added that they discussed "the regional situation, as the President of the Republic stressed the need to stop the escalation in Lebanon and the Red Sea." He also recalled the messages that France sends to all regional parties, especially to Iran in this regard. The presidential statement indicated that “France is ready to work alongside the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the contact group that the President received last November, to stop the expansion of the conflict in The region and work to create conditions for achieving lasting peace in the Middle East.” Earlier, Russian President, Vladimir Putin, announced that settling the Middle East crisis could only be achieved on the basis of the “two-state” formula, which was approved by the UN Security Council and stipulates the establishment of a state. An independent Palestinian state on the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov also confirmed during his meeting with members of the ministerial committee assigned by the Arab-Islamic Summit of the League of Arab States and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, on November 21, that Russia calls for the immediate start of the resumption of the negotiation process regarding the establishment of a Palestinian state, and that it shares the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in its assessment of the necessity of a permanent ceasefire in the Gaza Strip. Minister Lavrov had previously announced that Moscow expects to hold an inter-Palestinian meeting in the foreseeable future with the participation of all major factions. To overcome the internal division. On October 7, 2023, the Hamas movement, which controls the Gaza Strip, announced the start of Operation “Al-Aqsa Flood.”

Thousands of rockets were fired from Gaza at Israel, and its forces stormed Israeli towns adjacent to the Strip, causing the death of about 1,200 Israelis, in addition to the capture of about 250 others. Israel responded by officially declaring war on the Gaza Strip, which it began with devastating bombing and then ground military operations inside the Strip. Battles broke out. A seven-day truce was reached through Egyptian, Qatari, and American mediation, during which prisoners of women and children were exchanged, and quantities of aid were brought into the Gaza Strip. Following the end of the truce, fighting renewed between Israel and the Palestinian factions in Gaza, since the morning of Friday, December 1. / December 2023.