У канцелярії польського президента Анджея Дуди підтримали ідею Володимира Зеленського щодо зустрічі урядовців обох країн разом із представниками Єврокомісії прямісінько на польсько-українському кордоні. Й вже відома дата й місце переговорів на рівні прем’єрів двох країн. Проте відбудуться вони не на кордоні, й не до 24 лютого, як закликав український президент. До того ж, чим дужче набирає обертів протест польських фермерів, до яких із 1 березня можуть знову підключитися й перевізники, тим більше видається, що Україна стукає в зачинені двері.

Лише після того, як один із польських фермерів на акції у вівторок, 20 лютого, вивісив на своєму тракторі плакат із закликом до кремлівського "фюрера" "Путін, наведи порядок і в Україні, і в Брюсселі, і з нашими урядовцями", Україна почула коментарі МЗС Польщі про "високу занепокоєність" та "російських агентів". Поліція порушила кримінальну справу проти протестувальника за цей провокативний плакат. Проте, вже другий за два тижні скандальний інцидент, коли фермери в супроводі поліції висипають на дорогу та залізничні колії українське зерно та кукурудзу, так і залишився без належної реакції.

Що українцям треба розуміти про чергову блокаду польськими фермерами нашого кордону? Чому це справжня торгівельна війна? І що б уряд Туска мав зробити вже давно? ТСН.ua розкаже в цьому тексті.   

Допомога Кремлю: російські агенти в Польщі

Протести польських фермерів, які у вівторок, 20 лютого, охопили всю Польщу, й вчергове прикордонні пункти пропуску з Україною, не на жарт збурили українське суспільство. Ще б пак, бо ця "зернова криза", яку можна сміливо назвати торгівельною війною Польщі проти України, триває вже майже рік. Восени 2023 року нас переконували, що треба просто почекати, поки Польща пройде парламентські вибори, й все стане добре. Проте, з приходом до влади уряду Дональда Туска, який вже був прем’єром Польщі й очільником Європейської ради, нічого не змінилося.

Блокада українського кордону спочатку польськими перевізниками, а потім і фермерами, не лише нікуди не зникла, а й посилилася. До того ж, все більше доказів, що за їхніми протестами стоїть Росія, яка може діяти спільно з попередньою владою на чолі з партією "Право і справедливість", особливо перед місцевими виборами в Польщі в квітні, та виборами до Європарламенту на початку червня, де консервативні та ультраправі партії хочуть сформувати неабияку "більшість". Не дарма угорський прем’єр Віктор Орбан днями висловився щодо повної заборони експорту української агропродукції на ринки ЄС.

If you read the author's columns and articles in the largest Polish publications, such as the newspaper Wyborcza and the website Onet, then in the country itself, people also do not understand why Tusk's government is not doing anything.

On the one hand, yes, indeed, these actions of local farmers are part of pan-European protests in France, Italy, Spain, the Czech Republic, Germany and other countries.

Farmers demand not to introduce restrictions on the use of pesticides and fertilizers as part of the EU's "green transition" (climate reform aimed at reducing harmful emissions into the atmosphere) and not to cut subsidies.

TSN.ua already wrote that almost half of the entire EU budget is support for farmers in member countries, which kills competition.

In addition, recently the protesters have a new demand - they are afraid that they will be absorbed by large corporations.

But it is not clear how this applies to Ukrainian exports.

For example, the Business Insider site writes in its article about these farmers' protests that residents of big cities do not understand whether farmers are really so poor and face huge problems when they see their expensive tractors.

The Polish site Onet conducted an interview with one of the organizers of these farmers' protests, who complains about the Polish authorities, which did not take a step to meet, so such actions are only gaining momentum, and about anti-Ukrainian slogans and posters, he says that "people are so determined that resort to different methods, which should not be the case."

The newspaper Wyborcza in two articles raises the question of who these protesters are, whose actions provide fodder for Russian propaganda, comparing what is happening in Poland with the actions of the "yellow vests" in France a few years ago, which, according to numerous journalistic investigations, Russia could also stand.

By the way, Polish society was also outraged by the actions of the protesters, when on Tuesday, February 20, they dumped Ukrainian corn from a cargo container.

Users of the X social network (formerly Twitter) demanded a response from the authorities, stressing that Poland actually suffers more from the border blockade than Ukraine.

Indeed, in 2022, for the first time in history, Polish exports to Ukraine amounted to almost $10 billion, and in 2023 - $6.6 billion. This is many times more than Ukraine exports to Poland.

Instead, there are many Polish fruits, vegetables and milk on the shelves of Ukrainian supermarkets.

Therefore, as they say, this "game" can be played together.

Earlier, TSN.ua already reported that Kyiv has not implemented any restrictions on Polish imports yet, but it may do so, as well as once again give motion to its claim to the WTO.

Relevant decisions have been worked out by the relevant Ukrainian departments for a long time.

Tusk's government is playing politics: why it's not just about local elections

Since last August, the export of our wheat, corn, rapeseed and sunflower to the Polish market has been prohibited.

This was achieved by farmers (and, in fact, PiS and the pro-Russian party "Confederation", which were behind the protests at the time - ed.) before the parliamentary elections in Poland last October.

In addition, after the Defense Forces of Ukraine unblocked the Black Sea on their own, only 5% of our agricultural exports pass through the Polish border.

Now Polish farmers and agrarians are demanding a ban on the import of Ukrainian poultry meat (although in January we did not put a single gram of this product there - ed.), sugar and eggs, soft fruits, honey, apple juice and oil.

According to the Deputy Prime Minister for Reconstruction Oleksandr Kubrakov, due to the blocked Polish border, in the coming days Ukraine plans to establish exports through the Danube with the help of barges to Romanian ports.

"The first two ships will sail in the coming days. We also expect that up the Danube, to the markets of Germany and Austria, we will be able to supply the products of our manufacturers, bypassing Poland, of course. This is an alternative route," Kubrakov noted.

However, the main problem - how to understand the inaction of the government of Donald Tusk and the open cooperation of pro-Russian agents - Warsaw does not seem to have the intention to solve, but at least somehow to justify it.

Only on March 28, ten days before local elections in Poland, Prime Minister Donald Tusk agreed to meet with Denys Shmyhal.

And not at the border, as Volodymyr Zelensky suggested, but in Warsaw.

That is, the Polish authorities deliberately want to use Ukraine on the eve of local elections in order to earn more electoral points.

On Monday, February 26, Polish Deputy Minister of Agriculture Michal Kolodziejczak announced the start of negotiations with local farmers, who promise to block the Ukrainian border until April, which again coincides with the elections.

As of Thursday, February 22, Polish protesters blocked six international checkpoints on the border with Ukraine: "Yagodin", "Ustylug", "Ugryniv", "Rava-Ruska", "Shegyny" and "Krakivets".

About 2,500 trucks are standing in queues on the Polish side.

For example, truck drivers who transport cars for the Armed Forces and humanitarian workers have been standing in line for two weeks.

Ukrainian carriers, for their part, also started an action on the border with Poland, placing posters on trucks with inscriptions in English and Ukrainian: "Remove the blockade - return Ukrainian drivers home";

"If Ukraine loses, Poland will lose";

"The blockade of Ukraine is a betrayal of European values."

However, most of the unanswered questions are related to the blockade of railway tracks, which happened for the first time in a year of the "grain" crisis between Ukraine and Poland.

The fact is that on Tuesday, February 20, a small group of protesters blocked the tracks near the "Medyka" crossing, where they poured out Ukrainian corn transiting to Germany from a cargo container, accompanied by the police.

In social networks X and Facebook, the Poles themselves asked the question: if the Polish police accompany the openly pro-Russian protesters to the railway, which Ukraine receives weapons from, then what can be said about the security of Poland itself - a NATO member state?

Donald Tusk has already promised that Poland will add roads and railways to the list of critical infrastructure to provide a 100 percent guarantee that military and humanitarian aid, equipment and ammunition will reach Ukraine on time and without delay.

This is, of course, the right step of the Polish government.

And it is good if it is performed directly on the border with Ukraine.

"There is one thing with which I will never agree: we cannot allow those who openly and shamelessly support Putin, serve Russian propaganda and discredit the Polish state, us Poles and all protesters", - criticized on Thursday, February 22, the appearance of a pro-Russian poster on one of the tractors with a call to the Kremlin "Fuhrer".