All of this is met with Israeli insistence and continued threats to launch a large-scale military operation in the southern Gaza Strip. Its humanitarian price will be high before anything else.

Professor of International Relations at the University of Geneva, Dr. Hosni Obaidi, during his talk to the Sky News Arabia newsroom, points out the nature of European pressures from countries friendly to the United States of America and Israel, which added momentum and diplomatic dynamism that had been missing since October 7th in the region.

  • There is a European belief that it is not possible to influence Israel's behavior without American intervention.

  • An important European initiative as an agreement was reached for the first time to demand a ceasefire by Israel.

  • Progress in diplomacy may not bring immediate results but represents a shift in the international situation.

  • The Algeria project is considered a title for requesting a ceasefire due to the humanitarian situation that cannot wait any longer.

  • The United States' use of its veto demonstrates its rejection of a ceasefire and its unwillingness to give the United Nations and the European Union any role in resolving the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

  • In the negotiations, the Israeli government seeks to achieve the personal interest of itself and Netanyahu at the expense of the interest of the Israeli people.

  • There is a belief on the American and Israeli side that the Palestinian side does not have official negotiators and that there are multiple parties that are difficult to communicate with.

  • There are no changes in the American position in support of Israel, but rather there is a change in the tone and method used in dealing with the issue.

Former American diplomat Gerald Feirstein confirms the existence of international pressure, especially in the face of Israeli threats to bomb Rafah and the danger that could happen to the large number of displaced Palestinians in Rafah.

  • An increase in the pace of American negotiations for a ceasefire in the Gaza Strip and an increase in the provision of humanitarian aid, in addition to the release of hostages held by Hamas.

  • The Biden administration's reliance on direct communication and negotiations with Israel to find effective solutions instead of resorting to the Security Council.

  • Washington and the US administration were keen to use the veto to find a balance in resolving the crisis and ending the war, in addition to providing humanitarian aid to the Palestinians and freeing the hostages without interfering in the Security Council.

  • There is great American concern about the situation in Gaza during four months of bloody and violent war.

  • Washington is keen to find a solution to end the crisis with its partners in the Middle East and the Arab Gulf to pave a peaceful path to a better future.

 In this regard, former minister and lecturer at the Hebrew University, Shimon Sheetrit, says that the United States of America seeks, through its strategy, to achieve a temporary ceasefire and the release of those detained by Hamas, with the possibility of increasing the level of humanitarian aid.

  • Any ceasefire from the Israeli side is a declaration of victory for the extremist side.

  • The Israeli and American sides exploited the ceasefire agreement to free the hostages.

  • Any Security Council resolution would harm American strategy and Israeli interests and policy.

  • The possibility of carrying out a ground operation in the Rafah area following the evacuation of civilians from it to ensure their protection.

  • Hamas' use of mosques, hospitals, and schools as its headquarters would put civilians in danger.

  • The right-wing parties in Netanyahu's government are the obstructing element in any flexibility in the negotiations.

  • Israel refuses to negotiate unilaterally or have it imposed on it from the outside.

  • Israel is keen to take into account the American positions and try to provide the opportunity for the success of the negotiations in Cairo to serve American and Israeli interests.