Maduro announces law to create a state in the Essequibo area 0:57

(CNN Español) -- Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro announced Tuesday that the country would now have a new map. This follows the referendum on Sunday, December 3, that asked Venezuelans if they agreed to create a new state by annexing the territory of the Essequibo, disputed with Guyana.


Maduro said at a press conference that there will be a "new map of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela," which includes as part of its territory the disputed area of Guayana Esequiba.

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"The debate in the National Assembly and the approval of the Organic Law of Guyana Essequiba is activated, as well as the implementation of the 5 decisions made by the People of Venezuela in each of its parts. Dialogue, free, democratic debate and consensus!", Maduro said on his X account (formerly Twitter), in which he also showed the aforementioned map.

The area in question, the densely forested Essequibo region, accounts for about two-thirds of Guyana's territory. Venezuela has claimed the territory since the mid-1899th century and is overturning an <> ruling by international arbitrators that established the current boundaries.

In the 40s, Venezuela denounced the arbitration, arguing that it had been manipulated. In 1966, Britain acknowledged that there was a territorial dispute with Venezuela, but soon after granted independence to Guyana.

Guyana has called the referendum a step toward annexation and an "existential threat."

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This is what the map proposed by Maduro looks like:

The area corresponds to two thirds of Guyana's territory and is an important region due to the large amount of mineral resources. There is a large presence of bauxite, gold, diamonds and manganese, according to the Venezuelan government, and "it is suspected," Caracas says, that there are "important reserves of uranium, oil and natural gas."

Maduro has set his sights on the riches concentrated in the so-called Mining Arc, a mineral-rich area located in the southeast of his country, to try to obtain the resources he has lost with the fall in oil production, and he has not lost sight of what is happening in Guyana, a poor country whose vast oil reserves were discovered in 2015 in waters also claimed by Venezuela.

Essequibo