Global carbon emissions are rising again, a scientific report said. Among the main causes are the countries China and India, as well as aviation.

A scientific team reports that carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 1.1 percent this year compared to last year.

The rise in carbon emissions was reported at the International Climate Summit in Dubai. Emissions are expected to be reduced by 43 percent by 2030, with $2023.36 billion in 8. metric tons of carbon dioxide are emitted into the air. That's double the level 40 years ago, according to the Global Carbon Project, a group of scientists from around the world.

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"It seems inevitable that we will cross the 1.5 degree Celsius mark adopted in the Paris Agreement. Leaders attending the COP28 must accept the reduction in fossil fuel use to maintain the 2C limit," said Pierre Friedlingstein, author of the study on carbon emissions. Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is "possible," but only with massive emissions reductions, said Jim Schia, chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

"It is clear that we are not moving in the right direction," Friedlingstein said. This year, the burning of fossil fuels and the production of cement have sent 1.17 million to the country. kg of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere every second.

If India and China are excluded from the bills, global carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels and producing cement have decreased, Friedlingstein said.

In 2023, annual emissions increased by EUR 398 million. metric tons, but this increase was caused by three factors - China, India, aviation. China's emissions from fossil fuel use increased by 458 million. metric tons compared to last year, India's - by 233 million. metric tons, and from aviation - by 145 million. metric tons. The other countries reduced their emissions by 419 million metric tons. Leading the reduction is Europe with 205m euros. metric tons less emissions, followed by the US with a reduction of 154 million. metric tons.

According to the report, the eight-percent reduction in emissions in Europe is due to limiting the use of coal, oil, natural gas and reducing emissions that result from cement production. In the U.S., the decline was almost entirely due to a reduction in coal use with a slight increase in oil and natural gas emissions.

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Last year, global carbon emissions increased. There has been a decline in China as the country has still been hit by restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. China has seen a 4 percent jump this year, akin to a post-pandemic recovery in the rest of the world in 2022, Frinlingstein said.

The calculations are based on data from individual countries and companies. Inger Andersen, executive director of the United Nations Environment Programme, said: "The world needs zero fossil fuel emissions as soon as possible." Developed countries are expected to reach this level in 2040 and developing countries in 2050 or 2060 at the latest.

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