Related video: Merapi volcano spews lava and smoke in Indonesia 0:54

(CNN) -- Thirteen climbers have died and 10 are missing in Indonesia following the eruption of a very active volcano in West Sumatra province, officials said on Tuesday.

Indonesia, located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, has 127 active volcanoes — more volcanoes than anywhere else in the world — and Mount Marapi is one of the most active in the country.

The 2,891-meter-high volcano erupted on Sunday, ejecting volcanic ash and sending giant plumes of smoke into the sky.

Abdul Malik, head of search and rescue teams in West Sumatra, told CNN that evacuations were underway in the area and that a team of 40 rescuers was on the mountain as eruptions continued to occur.

In addition to the 13 dead, three climbers have been found alive, but 10 others remain missing.


A total of 75 people, including climbers, have been evacuated so far, and the injured have been sent to hospital, according to an update released Monday morning.

  • Indonesia's Merapi Volcano Eruption Leaves Cities Covered in Ash

A student walks as the Marapi volcano spews volcanic ash as seen from Nagari Batu Palano in Agam, West Sumatra province, Indonesia, Dec. 4, 2023. (Credit: Antara Photo/Iggoy el Fitra/Reuters)

Photos showed cars, roads, and entire villages nearby also covered in ash.

Officials monitoring Marapi's movements told CNN affiliate CNN Indonesia of the potential dangers of Sunday's eruption, including the flow of molten lava that could reach nearby roads and rivers.

  • Indonesia raises alert after eruption of Mount Semeru volcano

Marapi is one of the most active volcanoes on the island of Sumatra and its deadliest eruption occurred in April 1979, when 60 people died, according to Reuters.

Following the latest eruption, authorities have raised the second high alert and banned all activities within a 3 km radius of the Marapi crater. Ada Setiawan, an official with Indonesia's National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), told Reuters that masks had been distributed to residents and they were encouraged to stay indoors.

Climbing routes and trails have also been closed, according to authorities.

This article was published on December 4 and has been updated

Volcano eruption