The Politburo of the Communist Party of China held a meeting on November 11 to deliberate on the "Regulations on the Leadership of the Communist Party of China in Foreign Affairs." This is another major move by the CPC to strengthen its leadership over diplomatic work. The meeting stressed the need to further strengthen the centralized and unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee over foreign affairs, accelerate the formation of a systematic and complete system of foreign-related laws and regulations, and continuously improve the institutionalization, standardization, and scientific level of foreign affairs work. It can be expected that there will be further measures to strengthen the leadership of foreign affairs in the future.
After the 2000th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the biggest institutional change around foreign affairs work was the separation of national security from foreign affairs work, and after 2014, the situation of the Central National Security Work Leading Group and the Central Foreign Affairs Work Leading Group co-located in 2014 was changed. After the establishment of the Central National Security Commission in <>, the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs no longer retains the name of the Central Leading Group for National Security Work.
After the 2018th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs was upgraded to the Central Foreign Affairs Commission in 6 in the institutional reform. The Regulations of the Communist Party of China on the Leadership of Foreign Affairs is an important measure for the institutionalization of foreign affairs under the leadership of the Central Committee after the 28th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. On June <> this year, the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress passed the China Foreign Relations Law. From the Foreign Relations Law at the national level to the formulation of regulations for the CPC Central Committee to lead foreign affairs, this is a complete set of institutionalized construction, and behind it is a profound political change involving the field of diplomacy.
Li Qiang is the deputy director of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the Communist Party of China. Chinese Premier Li Qiang attends the 9th East Asia Summit (EAS) in Jakarta, Indonesia, on September 7. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China)
For a long time, the CPC's leadership over foreign affairs has been guaranteed. As early as 1958, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the Joint Circular on the Establishment of the Foreign Affairs Group of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Establishment of the Foreign Affairs Office of the State Council. In the State Council system, the Foreign Affairs Office of the State Council was set up accordingly, with Chen Yi as the director. Although during the Cultural Revolution, the Central Foreign Affairs Group was abolished, and in 1970, the Foreign Affairs Office of the State Council was abolished, and the business was merged into the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. However, after the end of the Cultural Revolution, in 1981, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to restore the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs. At that time, Li Xiannian was the team leader, and Wan Li was the deputy team leader. Since then, Li Peng, Jiang Zemin, and Hu Jintao have all served as heads of the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs. After 2013, Xi Jinping served as head of the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs, and later as director of the Central Commission for Foreign Affairs.
In recent years, the CPC Central Committee's leadership over foreign affairs has been strengthened, strengthened, and strengthened again because of two meanings.
First, at the institutional and personnel level, we have made a turning point in sorting out the relatively complex situation of diplomatic work since the establishment of the CPC.
After the establishment of the Communist Party of China, Zhou Enlai led diplomatic work as prime minister and foreign minister, forming a huge pattern of diplomatic work dominance of the State Council and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Following this practice, the Chinese premier used to have considerable diplomatic powers. In the past, the leadership of the central authorities in foreign affairs was more relied on the State Council and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to implement it. For example, in 1981, the Central Foreign Affairs Group was reorganized, in 1984 the State Council established the Foreign Affairs Office, and in 1991, the Central Organization Establishment Committee designated the Foreign Affairs Office of the State Council as the State Council office at the ministerial level. In March 1998, in accordance with the Circular of the State Council on the Establishment of Institutions, it was determined that the Foreign Affairs Office of the State Council was the office that assists the Premier in handling foreign affairs, and at the same time assumes the responsibilities of the office of the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs.
In August 1998, the Foreign Affairs Office of the State Council was abolished and the Central Foreign Affairs Office was established. After 8, Jiang Zemin served as head of the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs, and the deputy head of the group was Qian Qichen, who had participated in diplomatic work. After 2000, Hu Jintao served as the head of the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs, and the deputy head was then Vice President Xi Jinping. In 2006, Xi Jinping was appointed head of the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs, and the deputy head of the group was Li Yuanchao, then Vice President of the People's Republic of China.
After Qin Gang was dismissed, Wang Yi concurrently served as foreign minister, but his most important position was that of the director of the Central Foreign Affairs Office. (Chinese government website)
However, after the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, after the Central Leading Group for Foreign Affairs was upgraded to the Foreign Affairs Commission, Xi Jinping served as the director of the committee, and the deputy directors were the premiers (Li Keqiang and Li Qiang). Nowadays, under the general framework of the leadership of the Central Commission for Foreign Affairs in diplomatic work, the positions of the President and the Premier are clear, the State Council is in charge of foreign affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is clearly positioned as diplomatic offices, and the Party Central Committee relies on the leadership of the Foreign Affairs Commission to clarify its top-level design, overall coordination, overall promotion, and supervision of implementation.
Second, as a rising power, China's position in the world has undergone fundamental changes, and China, as a great power, has undergone profound changes in its diplomatic thinking, foreign policy, diplomatic positioning, and diplomatic style. The work of foreign affairs has reached a time of comprehensive and profound change. Strengthening the centralized and unified leadership of the CPC is a manifestation of China's active response to challenges and building a strong capacity to handle foreign affairs and respond to changes in the changing situation.
With a future-oriented attitude, China is making up for the shortcomings in the construction of the diplomatic work system. The China Foreign Relations Law is the general term for the legal norms that regulate China's foreign relations. It can not only provide principled guidance for various foreign-related legislation, ensure a clear division of powers among the various entities involved in foreign relations, but also make up for the gaps and deficiencies in China's current foreign relations legislation, such as the implementation of UN Security Council sanctions resolutions in China, which has always lacked legal basis in China's relevant practice. The "Regulations on the Leadership of the Communist Party of China in Foreign Affairs," which was recently reviewed, is a concrete action of the CPC Central Committee in leading foreign affairs. First, the leadership of the Party Central Committee in foreign affairs was ensured through the reform of institutional personnel, and then the work regulations were adopted, and specific institutional arrangements were formed for this leadership. In the future, whether it is legislation at the national level or regulations at the party level, the detailed work will be gradually and further promoted.
China is approaching the center of the world stage with an unprecedented attitude, and the most important contribution of Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy is to comprehensively shape China's diplomatic outlook and worldview, and give China the norms, methods, and paths for dealing with the world in the new era. National legislation, intra-party regulations and other means are the guarantee for the effective implementation of Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy. This is today's China, which has an ideological blueprint and the political skill and courage to implement it at all levels.
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