To intercept drones, the Russians use short-range complexes, such as the Pantsir-S1 air defense missile system, the Tor-M2 air defense system. Once they were considered powerful, but now it is not, other, more modern, drones and air defense systems have appeared.

This opinion was expressed by military-political observer Oleksandr Kovalenko.

"To intercept small-sized objects, such as UAVs, not S-300 or S-400 are used at all, but short-range complexes. These include the Pantsir-S1 air defense missile system, the Tor-M2 air defense missile system and others. But the above are considered the most modern. They are considered," his post read.

He recalled that the Torm-M2 air defense system has an effective coverage radius of 12 km, 132 units were produced. The Pantsir-S1 air defense missile system has an effective coverage radius of 15 km, 116 km are produced.

In Ukraine, the Russians, according to official data, lost 27 Tor-M1/2 and 18 Pantser-S1 air defense systems. According to unverified data, the ROF losses are more than 50 Tor-M1/2 and 45 Pantsir-S1 air defense systems.

"That is, losses of almost 50% of the total number + stay in the combat zone at least half of those remaining. This is a vivid example of what is happening now with Russian air defense. It becomes non-functional. The production of these complexes is not the rolling out of T-62 or T-54/55 from storage, it is a complex and time-consuming process. Even recovery from storage is not easy and time-consuming," the expert explained.

According to him, Russia remains without echelons of short and medium range. Large numbers of S-300 and S-400 are useless against "small objects that need to be intercepted by completely different systems."

"Thus, Russian airspace is exposed and turned into a colander. Although, no, it's a small colander, there are whole craters, through tunnels in the Russian air defense," he said.

Attack on Moscow

We will remind, on Monday, July 24, explosions were heard in Moscow At 04:00 the sounds of explosions were heard in different parts of the city. Russia has traditionally accused the Ukrainian Armed Forces of attacking. The statement of the Russian Defense Ministry notes that allegedly "the attempt of the Kiev regime to carry out a terrorist attack with two unmanned aerial vehicles on objects in the territory of the city of Moscow was stopped."

The next day, July 25, the Russian Investigative Committee opened criminal cases on terrorism over drone attacks on Moscow and temporarily annexed Crimea.

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