Vegetables die very quickly without water. It plays an extremely important role for plant nutrition, because it carries nutrients to different parts of the plant, to the leaves or fruits. Plants need moisture to avoid overheating from the sun or too high air temperature.
How to water tomatoes
Tomato roots are shallow, and therefore it requires abundant watering and high soil moisture. But tomatoes are the crop whose need for moisture depends on the period of growth.
Watering tomatoes in open ground should be abundant immediately after planting seedlings in a permanent place. Then watering should be reduced until the fruiting period begins. Reducing watering is necessary to avoid excessive growth of green mass, in addition, abundant watering at this time can lead to a delay in fruit ripening. During the formation of fruits, tomatoes need high soil moisture. Lack of moisture during this period can lead to shedding of flowers in the ovary, and, consequently, to a decrease in yield. During fruit ripening, an excess of moisture can lead to cracking of fruits and their subsequent rotting.
The depth to which the soil is soaked in the period from planting to fruit formation should be 20-25 cm, and during the ripening period of the crop – 25-30 cm. The optimal mode of watering is in dry time – 2 times a week, 10 liters of water per 1 square meter.
It is better to do surface watering of tomatoes, sprinkling or spraying for the purpose of irrigation is not recommended.
When and how to water cucumbers in the heat
This crop is very demanding on irrigation and soil moisture, because:
- The fruits of cucumbers are almost 90% water.
- The need for water cucumbers due to the fact that the large foliage of this culture evaporates quite a lot of moisture.
- In addition to abundant watering, cucumbers also need high humidity.
During the cultivation of cucumbers, the main thing is to ensure the correct and sufficient mode of irrigation – starting with planting seedlings in the ground and ending with the ripening of fruits. But there are restrictions in watering cucumbers, they should not be in the water all the time.
In the hot and dry period, refreshing watering should be carried out. You can water cucumbers daily or every other day until the air temperature drops and the heat ends. Watering in the heat should be at the rate of 5-7 liters per 1 square meter.
How to water white cabbage
Watering this crop should be approached responsibly, because it is very demanding on moisture. With insufficient watering, cabbage develops poorly, a small number of leaves are formed, cobs are either small or not formed at all. However, transfusion of culture is not very good for the growth and formation of the cabbage crop.
Watering cabbage should be in the evening or in the morning in the dug holes around the plants. After pouring the earth, loosening is necessarily carried out here. The greatest intensity of watering falls on the stage of active growth of leaves and the formation of cobs. In this case, for one watering under one plant you need to pour about 10 liters of water 1 m2, and during a drought – up to 40-50 liters.
How to water pepper
Pepper also belongs to moisture-picky crops. The root system of this crop is horizontally branched, and with low soil moisture, plant growth slows down, the plant can shed buds and fruit ovaries. If the plant continues to lack water, the quality and quantity of the crop will suffer, the fruits will be small and deformed, ripening will be delayed and apical rot may form.
After transplanting seedlings into the soil, pepper is watered moderately, otherwise the plant may become ill with fungal diseases or rot. It is best to water the pepper in small portions, as the soil dries. During the fruit set should use more water. The watering rate for this crop can vary from 15 to 30 liters of water per 1 square meter.
How to water eggplants
Eggplant is demanding of moisture as well as pepper, but if the ground is cold and constantly damp, eggplants develop poorly. During the survival period of seedlings in open ground, if the weather is warm, this crop needs moderate watering, and if it is wet and overcast, it is also better not to water cold wind at all.
At such a time, care must be taken to ensure that the soil is moderately wet. It is necessary to water a lot during the period of fruit set and their further ripening, because buds, flowers and fruits may fall due to drought.
Ideal for eggplants is drip irrigation, due to the fact that in this case the plant is watered in places of main root growth. Irrigation rates are similar to the norms of irrigation for pepper: from 15 to 30 liters of water per 1 square meter, with a depth of wetting the soil by 25-30 cm.
How to water onions
Unlike, for example, cucumbers, peppers, eggplants, onions do not need a lot of water. The root system of the plant is very compact and its moisture needs are not the same at different periods of growth.
Moisture in the soil is important for onions in the first 14-18 days after sowing and then for 14-18 days after germination, when there is intensive leaf formation, growth and formation of the root system. Onions need the most moisture during the growth of leaves and bulbs. Excessive moisture will delay the ripening of the bulbs and shorten the shelf life of the finished crop.
During May and June, onions are watered once every 7-8 days, at the rate of 5-10 liters of water per 1 square meter. The first half of July is watered less often, already once every two weeks, 5-10 liters of water per 1 square meter. And in the second half of July, when onions are formed, watering can be left minimal or stopped altogether.
Watering carrots and beets
At the beginning of growth, carrots and beets are watered once every 2 weeks. During the formation of root crops, they are watered once a week, and in arid and hot areas and during the heat, carrots and beets can be watered two to three times a week. 2 weeks before harvest, watering is stopped. The watering rate is from 15 to 30 liters of water per 1 m², the depth of wetting the soil is at least 30 cm.
How to water radishes
Radish requires frequent and regular watering, otherwise radish roots will be tough and bitter in taste. Watering is carried out every 2-3 days, and in dry and hot weather - daily. The watering rate can be from 10 to 15 liters of water per 1 square meter, the depth of wetting the soil is at least 20 cm.
How often to water zucchini and pumpkins
These crops do not need frequent watering. Watering 1-2 times a month will be sufficient for them. Watering should be very intense - 2 buckets per bush. After the plant spud, it is better not to water it for several weeks. In dry and hot weather, zucchini and pumpkins can be watered a little more often - every 3 days.
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