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Since the start of Russia's full-scale invasion of Ukraine, 8.6 million Ukrainians have traveled abroad and have not returned, with the country's population falling to 29 million as of May, of which only a third worked, according to a study published by the Ukrainian Institute for the Future.

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"Only 9.1-9.5 million Ukrainians are working, and if you take out those working in the public sector, there are about 6-7 million people left. They are the 'engine' that supports the other 22-23 million people, including pensioners, children, students, the unemployed, dependants, these same public sector workers, etc."

To this is added the low birth rate, BTA points out.Migration from Ukraine increases student numbers in Germany

For example, the Ukrainian Institute for the Future notes that the fertility rate (birth rate) has already fallen below 1, while in order to have population growth, it must be above 2. According to the study, the consequences of the war with Russia are felt both in the demographic situation and in the economic situation of Ukrainians.

In early May, the World Bank announced an estimate that seven million Ukrainians live below the poverty line, with the biggest consequences of impoverishment being reported in rural areas.

According to the United Nations Population Fund, the population in Ukraine in 2023 amounted to 36.7 million people, of whom over 20% were over the age of 65 and 15.2% were children under the age of 14. According to the United Nations, the total fertility rate is 2.19 and has already been at one of the lowest levels in recent years.

At the same time, according to the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, only one in three Ukrainian refugees in the EU wants to return home.

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