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It has become common to mention Prime Minister Narendra Modi (#9YearsOfPMModi) and Union Home Minister Amit Shah together while writing or talking about the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Modi's massive popularity among the masses and Shah's talent as a skilled strategist are expressed either by linking together or complementing each other. Since Modi became prime minister in 2014, he has been a sort of guarantee of victory for the BJP.

On the completion of 9 years of the Modi government, NDTV has brought a special documentary series (PM Modi Documentary Series Episode 6). Today, in the sixth episode of the series, know why the Modi factor (#BJPpollmachinery) is so strong in the election? What is it that the opposition is not able to find a break in the Modi factor? (Watch the full video of the sixth episode of the documentary series here)

I, Narendra Damodardas Modi, swear by God that I shall bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India established by law. I will keep India's sovereignty and integrity intact. I will discharge my duties as the Prime Minister of the Sangh with reverence and with a pure heart and I will do justice to all kinds of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law without fear or favour, affection or malice.

Narendra Modi

prime minister

In 2014, 17 crore voters chose
BJP, which started on 26 May 2014, continues till today. Prime Minister Narendra Damodardas Modi has been leading the most successful political party Bharatiya Janata Party to victory continuously for 9 years. This journey has not stopped yet. In 2014, There were 82 crore voters in India. If Europe, Canada and Australia are combined, this number is their entire population. Of these, about 55 crore voted. Of these, 17 crore voters chose the BJP. If so many people stand from the North Pole to the South Pole, it will create four straight queues.

Also read: Fearless people, growing investment and high expectations... PM Modi shows the picture of Kashmir changing to the world

In 2019, India had 23 crore voters
. That is, voters equal to the total population of Europe, Russia and Australia. In the 2019 election, the BJP got the next 91 crore votes, which is equivalent to six queues of people from the North Pole to the South Pole. How did Modi's political party BJP do this? Is this Modi's magic alone?

Certainly, this is a big and important milestone in the victory of PM Modi's leadership.

Bhupendra Yadav

Union Environment Minister

Ajay Singh, author of the book 'The Architect of the New BJP', says, "The Modi factor is important, there is no doubt about it. The book we wrote - 'The Architect of the New BJP'... In it, we have mentioned that the importance of the organization can not be underestimated, because it is also a big factor. While there is an individual charm, the influence of the organization is also a big factor.

Writer, diplomat and former Rajya Sabha MP Pawan K Verma says, "The BJP has a strong leader, a charismatic leader and a popular leader from every nook and corner. Whether people agree with him or not... But he is the decisive leader of his party."

Sanjay Kumar, co-director of Lokniti-CSDS, says, "The kind of victory the BJP got in the 2014 and 2019 Lok Sabha elections. Also, the victory that BJP got in the elections of other states... The credit for this goes to PM Modi. There are states where it did not seem that the BJP would win... The party looked weak there, but the party won. There are elections in many states where BJP has won due to PM Modi.

Also read: Vande Bharat trains, freight corridors and tunnels... PM Modi transformed infrastructure in this way

Bjp's headquarters in New Delhi, where all major decisions are taken. No matter how small or big the victory is... The celebration is celebrated here. Whenever the election results come, BJP leaders gather here in the evening.

Sanjay Kumar, co-director of Lokniti-CSDS, says, "This is an occasion when PM Modi talks with his workers. They convey the message to their workers. Thank them. PM Modi tries to give the message that every victory is important for the BJP. You must have noticed that when PM Modi gives such messages, he also mentions the upcoming elections. It is, in a way, a way to keep the organisation strong."

Bjp's strike rate has been better than the opposition parties. The picture of BJP's success in the last 4 decades can be seen in the map of the country. That is why in 1984, BJP had 2 MPs. In 2019, the party crossed the 300-mark (303) on its own.

In a democracy, first of all, defeat is not a bad thing. But yes... Every party fights elections to win. When Amit Shah became the national president of the BJP, he ran a huge campaign to expand the party's membership. As party president, he toured the whole of India almost three times during his tenure. Spent the night in the districts of the country. Held meetings with workers. When top leadership is so readily available at the district level, the workers also have the moral strength and the strength to fight.

Bhupendra Yadav

Union Environment Minister

Modi's party claims to be the world's largest party and is proud of its organisational structure and workers. But if Modi is excluded from this, will this massive winning streak continue?

Ajay Singh says, "Modi ji is a victory or an organization is a victory... The question is whether the chicken came first or the egg. In politics, it becomes difficult to answer such a question, but obviously both have equal importance. But, in my view, if your organisation is strong, it lasts longer than individuals. Organisations invent the ideals of their own times."

Sanjay Kumar, co-director of Lokniti-CSDS, says, "In my opinion, now this machine will have a lot of difficulty in doing anything without Modi. We surveyed the assembly and Lok Sabha elections. There is a lot of discussion about how precious Prime Minister Modi is to the BJP. We found that out of every 2019 votes the BJP got in the 100 Lok Sabha elections, 36 came because of Prime Minister Modi. This was Modi's gift to the BJP. Machinery is important, the car is needed to go from one place to another, but a good driver is needed to drive. In my view, Prime Minister Modi has proved to be a very good driver to take this machine forward.

The BJP is in power with its organisational strength and the help of other Sangh Parivar organisations besides the RSS. The Modi government's welfare schemes, understanding of caste complexities and most importantly, the BJP's dominant ideology came from Hindutva, which is why it has not looked back after the support it received during the Ram temple movement. Obviously, the party is strengthening this strength.

Two years ago, Nalin Mehta's book The New BJP suggests that Modi's electoral victory is the result of his management, not just on the basis of propaganda and enthusiasm, but on a deep and scientific understanding of caste mathematics. These chapters cover sc/ST subjects at state and district level. There is a discussion of the total number of representation of Scheduled Tribes and OBCs. It is not surprising that the BJP tries to woo non-Jatav Dalits, who are traditional voters of the BSP, or a section of the Yaduvanshis, who have traditionally been SP voters. In 2014, the BJP won more than 80 of the 70 seats in UP, India's most densely populated state. And in 2019, when the SP-BSP fought together, the BJP managed to win 60 seats. The same story is being repeated state after state. In some states, the party is successful, in some it is not.

Also read: PM Modi's welfare schemes have changed the lives of women, farmers and the needy

Sanjay Kumar says, "This is not something new the BJP has done, but it has done it better than many other parties. See the statistics on how OBCs voted in different elections. In the 2009 elections, of the nearly 12-14% votes that the BJP got, 20% belonged to OBCs. But in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP got 44% of the OBC votes, that is, double. If you look at who are these OBCs who are now voting for the BJP, they are mostly among the lower OBCs."

Sanjay Kumar adds, "The BJP realised that caste harmony with OBCs has to be created. Dalits have also started supporting THE BJP, tribals are also voting for the BJP. When Draupadi Murmu became India's first tribal woman president, she propagated it vigorously that the BJP government had done it. So the BJP knew that to build a base of stable supporters, a caste alliance would have to be formed and they have been doing this successfully for the last 10 years.

Is this the reason why the opposition now wants the government to conduct a caste-based census? So that it can be known what is the actual number of OBCs and other castes? This work was last done in 1930 during the British rule... In 2011, there was a murmur but nothing happened. The BJP is not saying anything openly on this matter.

Modi repeats his achievements several times a day... From roads to airports and ports. Development is important, but the BJP has not forgotten that its ideology is the biggest contributor to this recipe for success.

Also read: PM Narendra Modi has written a new India with a strong foreign policy in 9 years

Sanjay Kumar says, "I have a slightly different opinion about this. Hindutva has not taken the BJP to such heights. Hindutva strengthened the BJP's base, but there is more nationalism than Hindutva. Nationalism has taken the BJP to new heights. Nationalism is a word and Hindutva is associated with nationalism. When we talk about India's image in the world, it also comes under the purview of nationalism. More than Hindutva, Hindutva took the BJP's vote share to 30%-32%, but when the BJP started talking about national pride, it took the party to the heights it has achieved, 2019% votes in the 37 Lok Sabha elections.

How is the opposition in front of Modi? And if they unite, will they be able to defeat them in 2024? In response to this question, Sanjay Kumar says, "A united opposition can defeat the BJP, but a united opposition cannot defeat Modi. I am saying this because if you look at the stature of Prime Minister Modi in terms of popularity, there is no leader in the opposition who can match the popularity of Prime Minister Modi.

Sanjay Kumar says, "Now the question is whether the opposition is united, then the BJP can be defeated? If you calculate on the basis that all political parties will get the same number of votes as they got in 2019. And if all non-BJP parties come together, it is likely that the BJP will be reduced to 220-230 seats. Local parties may cross the 300 mark, but does that seem feasible? I don't think so."

Also read: 9 years of PM Modi: Modi government is supporting women from birth to older age

However, less than a year is left for the Lok Sabha elections. Charismatic leader Narendra Modi is once again preparing for himself.

You can watch the first 4 episodes of the documentary series here:

Episode 1- Diplomacy

Episode 2: Women Empowerment

Episode-3 Welfare Schemes

Episode-4 Infrastructure

Episode 5 Changing Kashmir