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(CNN) -- Following New York Mayor Eric Adams' announcement last week that the city will temporarily bus some migrants to hotels in nearby counties, authorities in Orange and Rockland counties filed lawsuits to try to stop the plan, even as some migrants have already arrived.
The counties also issued executive orders banning the arrival of migrants and asylum seekers.
One of the lawsuits filed in Orange County state court, obtained by CNN, alleges that the city's plan exceeds its authority, violates a county executive order and bypasses shelter authorization requirements. The court is asked to issue a preliminary injunction blocking the city's plan while the proceeding is pending.
Orange County officials "oppose the City Defendants' unlawful and misguided attempts to manage their burdens and responsibilities assumed within their borders by offloading them onto the county, which is already overburdened with responsibilities to its own citizens, without any planning," according to the lawsuit.
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Adams had said the new program aims to provide up to four months of temporary housing to adult male asylum seekers already in city guardianship while they try to get work permits.
Days after Adams announced plans for Orange and Rockland counties, Orange County Representative Steven Neuhaus issued an executive order barring immigrants from staying at area hotels.
Rockland County filed its own lawsuit Tuesday night. The lawsuit, filed in Rockland County Superior Court, alleges that Mayor Adams' plan to bus immigrants to a county hotel exceeds the city's legal authority.
A judge on Friday granted a temporary restraining order against Adams' plan, blocking the city from transporting migrants to a hotel in Rockland County. The city has said it plans to appeal the restraining order. A hearing will be held on 30 May to determine whether to extend the order.
The New York Civil Liberties Union filed a federal lawsuit Thursday against Orange and Rockland counties for blocking the arrival of asylum seekers from New York City, according to court documents.
According to the lawsuit, by issuing orders "expressly intended to 'prohibit immigrants' and 'asylum seekers' from coming to the counties from New York City and which further seek to prohibit local hotels from making their rooms available to immigrants for any period of time," the counties violated the due process and equal protection clauses of the U.S. Constitution.
Contacted Thursday by CNN for comment, Neuhaus said, "We have not been notified of any lawsuits." CNN reached out to officials in Rockland and Orange counties on Saturday for more comment on the NYCLU lawsuit.
Rockland County officials said in a statement that while they do not typically comment on pending litigation, they "strongly believe that what they are doing is right and lawful, as attested by the court's Temporary Restraining Order granted Thursday."
"Plans haven't changed"
The Orange County lawsuit details multiple examples of the city's alleged "subterfuge."
Orange County officials believed the city planned to move 60 people to a county hotel, according to the lawsuit, but later learned that the city planned to send more than 600 people to two hotels. The county claims this would more than double its homeless population, which was about 437 last month, according to the lawsuit.
After the county issued its executive order, the city "expressly assured" officials that no buses would be sent for the time being, according to the lawsuit.
"However, and despite these assurances, the buses showed up at the hotel on May 11, 2023, without warning, and unloaded the homeless men pursuant to the city's proposed illegal transfer plan," the lawsuit says.
A spokesperson for Mayor Adams' office said Wednesday that the city was "discussing legal and safety concerns with our state partners," adding that while the city temporarily halted bus transportation of migrants to locations outside of New York City, its "plans have not changed." A spokesman for Mayor Adams' office said Thursday that Neuhaus' statement about purported assurances that no asylum seekers from the city would reach Orange County is inaccurate.
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"New York City has served more than 65,000 migrants, taking them in, feeding and caring for them, and we have done so largely without incident," spokesman Fabien Levy said in a statement Friday.
"We need the federal government to step up, but until it does, we need other elected officials across the state and the country to do their part. Right now, we're asking Orange County to handle less than 1/<> of <>% of asylum seekers who have arrived in New York City, with New York paying for housing, food, and services. We are reviewing our legal options."
Orange County also filed another complaint Friday against the two county hotels that plan to house migrants from New York City. The lawsuit seeks to block hotels from accepting asylum seekers and "becoming" homeless shelters, claiming it violates the county's executive order.
The city of Newburgh, located in Orange County, also filed a lawsuit against one of the hotels. The lawsuit alleges that housing immigrants is not allowed by the building's certificate of occupancy and would violate the city's municipal and building building codes.
"The Mayor's program failed to take into account or address local zoning, building, or fire codes governing proposed or 'selected' lodging sites," the lawsuit says.
After Orange County issued its executive order, Newburgh inspectors visited the hotel and observed "alteration of beds, insertion of additional bedding, and alteration of room accommodation," the lawsuit says. The next day, the hotel received two busloads of people from the city, according to the lawsuit.
-- CNN's Gloria Pazmino, Samantha Beech, Celina Tebor and Zoe Sottile contributed to this report.
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