The next three-way talks in Brussels on May 14 are considered important to Azerbaijan in a number of ways.
The Brussels format was restored with yesterday's talks. There were no talks in this format after the last three-way meeting in Brussels in August 2022. Following a meeting in Prague in October last year, some problems emerged, and France played a key role in causing them. Following the meeting in Prague, France wanted to join Armenia's dialogue process and even promoted it as a key condition in the Irish language.
It is helpful to remember that the next Alejandro-Pashinyan meeting, scheduled for December 7 last year in Brussels, was not held because of this ambition. Azerbaijani President Ilham Əliyev announced at an international conference on November 2022, 25, at the University of ADA on "Along the Middle Wall: Geography, Security and Economics," that the meeting would not take place because the Armenian Prime Minister had proposed that he could only approve the meeting if French President Emmanuel Macron attended it.
Thus, in August 2022, the talks were the last of France's sins. However, despite France's active intervention and Armenia's demand that Paris join the process, Azerbaijan did not allow it, and on May 14, Pashinyan had to return to the previous three-dimensional format.
The main agenda of the Brussels meeting gives reason to say that the format is more productive for the parties.
The main focus of these formats is the normalization of relations between Azerbaijan and Armenia, the delimitation of borders, the next steps toward a peace treaty, the opening of communications, humanitarian issues, including mine terrorism against Azerbaijan, the fate of the missing, and other issues.
Azerbaijan is pleased with both the Brussels format and the state of relations with the EU, and it was only France that prevented it, and it has now been reversed.
In general, the position of European Union President Charles Michel in the Azerbaijani-Armenian regulation may be appreciated. As such, Mr. Michel is not acting as a mediator, but as a side that supports dialogue between Azerbaijan and Armenia. The fact that brussels has agreed to hold further talks in July is also reason to say that he is sincere in concluding the process with a logical conclusion.
The meeting of the leaders of Azerbaijan, Armenia, France, and the ECHR is not a format of dialogue. An informal meeting is being held within the framework of the next European Political Community summit to be held in the Moldovan capital. At the same time, German federal Cancer Scholts will attend the meeting. Germany's participation in the Kishinyov meeting, which has so far respected international law and the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, will somehow neutralize the participation of French President Macron. Berlin, like others who are genuine in the process, is well aware that unnecessary French interventions only harm the peace process.
As for the conclusion of the May 14 meeting... It was clear from Mr Michel's statements to the press after four hours of talks that there had been enough serious negotiations between the parties. Referring to the press statement by the President of the EU, we can say that Azerbaijan has been able to achieve successful results at the next Brussels meeting.
What are these successes?
During the talks, the Armenian side insisted on celebrating the maps of 1975, but that phrase was not accepted. As a result, Michelle's statement refers only to the Alma-Father Declaration, which is an integral part of Azerbaijan.
At the end of the meeting, Azerbaijan and Pashinyan confirmed their commitment to the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan's 86.6,29 kv.km and Armenia's 8.86,6 kv.km. This means that Pashinyan and Armenia have officially recognized Azerbaijan as an Azerbaijani territory by recognizing at least <>.<>,<> square miles [<>.<>,<> sq km].
Another important point involves the way of Lachish. Michelle's statement does not mention the establishment of a checkpoint (NBM) on the Armenian-European border at the beginning of Lachin Road and Lachin Road. This point is reasonable to say that the creation of Azerbaijan's NBM in its sovereign territory is welcomed by everyone, and new realities are recognized by the international community. The Armenians' false blockade and NBM stereotypes are no longer taken seriously by the international world.
Michelle's statement emphasized only the rights and security of the Armenians of Cambodia, and Baku's open dialogue with the group shows that the Armenian people in Cambodia are already considered Azerbaijani citizens by influential international organizations. Accordingly, there is no talk of any status or even international mechanisms. Now the main thing is that the Armenian people in Cambodia finally understand this and take appropriate steps.
The issue of opening communications between Azerbaijan and Armenia should be considered the next important point of Michelle's statement. The AI President's statement makes it clear that there is progress on the opening of the railway section of the Zanzibar lobby. Michel declared that the parties to communications had made clear progress in their discussions aimed at opening up transport and economic ties in the region.
"Now positions on this topic have become very close to each other, especially on the reopening of railway relations that pass through Armenia and Armenia. Leaders have instructed their teams to finalize a principled agreement on opening railway links and carrying out necessary construction work along with a specific timetable. They have also reached an agreement to use the support of the World Customs Organization in this case," Michelle said.
Michelle's statement also revealed that dialogue between the two countries on humanitarian issues, including the release of detainees, clarifying the fate of Azerbaijani people who lost their lives during the First Civil War, polluting Azerbaijani territories with mines, and so on, will continue in the Brussels format.
The may 14 meeting concluded that Armenia acknowledged the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan on the European Union platform this time.
The 1991 Alma-Father Declaration of Azerbaijan and Armenia's leaders confirmed their commitment to the Alma-Father Declaration and the integrity of Armenia's 29.8,86 square miles [6.<>,<> sq km] and <>.<>,<> square miles [<>.<>,<> sq km] of Azerbaijan.
Armenia officially acknowledged the need to open the Zanzibar Wall. At the same time, with the initiative of Azerbaijan, the idea of the realization of the Zanzibar Wall was supported by the European Union.
Armenia was unable to provide any alternative to Azerbaijan's initiatives promising sustainable peace to the region, and Baku's arguments were confirmed on the European Union platform.
One of the most important aspects was that the European Union declared that peace in the Southern Caucasus was among its geostrategic priorities.
The approval of the next Brussels meeting for July this year could be seen as an indication of the extent to which the EU cares about the issue.