Thailand is entering a completely aging society.
According to the population data of Thai nationality whose names were registered on December 31, 2022, there were 66,080,812 people, among whom there were 12.9 million people aged 60 years and over, or up to 20% of the total population.
The trend of the elderly in Thailand is increasing continuously. In less than 10 years, it will become the ultimate aging society.
but creating stability in terms of income for the elderly to take care of themselves for the rest of their lives with quality
is an important point
because there are many elderly people who lack income and no savings
or have insufficient income after retirement
And with economic problems, you need to work, earn money, take care of yourself.
The number of eligible voters in 2023 is 14,378,037 people, or 27.48% of the total voter population of 52,322,824 people, causing almost every political party to hold various campaign policies and compete fiercely.
Hope to get votes from the elderly
both increasing welfare
raise money for seniors
create universal pension
to create income security for the elderly
The closer it gets to Election Day, May 14, 2023, each political party is going full force and releases a clearer policy on the elderly.
Uncle Tu's party announced to increase the old age allowance to 1,000 baht per month equally for all ages.
Starting from the Ruam Thai Sang Chart Party of "Uncle Tu" Gen. Prayut Chan-o-cha as a prime ministerial candidate.
It has already been announced that if it is the government, it will increase the old age allowance to 1,000 baht per month equally for all ages.
From the original 600-1,000 baht stairs, and still has a policy to build a care center for the elderly
Build a community recreation center for the elderly
and tax cuts for private companies employing the elderly
followed by Pheu Thai Party
hope land slide
will form a government
Although the elderly policy has not been released fully
But the announcement will increase the efficiency of 30 baht to treat all diseases better than before.
to take care of vulnerable groups
and the elderly
to be able to use the services of hospitals near home
You don't have to wait half a day to see a doctor.
and modernize the service
use only one ID card
in the Democratic Party
Presenting a compulsory retirement savings policy
along with extending the retirement age from 60 years in order to have savings to support yourself
Including the establishment of an elderly club to receive 30,000 baht in every village so that the elderly can participate in activities for physical, mental and physical health and living together in society.
and promote income-generating careers for the elderly
Come to the Palang Pracharat Party of "Uncle Pom" Gen. Prawit Wongsuwan, who is the leader of the party.
will increase the elderly allowance in steps according to age in the form of 3, 4, 5 and 6 7 8 from 3,000-5,000 baht per month, with the age of 60 and over receiving a premium of 3,000 baht per month, over the age of 70 receiving a premium of 4,000 baht per month and over 80 years of age receive a premium of 5,000 baht per month and will extend the retirement age from 60 to 63 years, along with supporting enterprises for the elderly to create 1 million jobs for the elderly
and build a building to support the elderly
as the party advances
Proposed a policy to increase the elderly allowance to 3,000 baht by the year 2027 in order to raise income to be sufficient for subsistence.
and establishing a system for caring for bedridden patients
Contributions to the Elderly Care Fund
as a budget for local government organizations
has been used to develop an infrastructure system for caring for the elderly
and local bedridden patients
with an average of 1 caregiver employed per 2 patients
Offer a life insurance fund policy of 60 years or more and receive immediate privileges automatically.
free of charge
You don't have to pay life insurance premiums.
When he died, he received 100,000 baht as an inheritance to his children.
and while alive, can borrow no more than 20,000 baht without a guarantor
to improve the quality of life for the elderly
can lead to further investment
Not a burden to grandchildren
Thai Sang Thai Party
Raised a policy from the beginning to increase the old age allowance by 3,000 baht per month, with the first phase only helping people with insufficient income.
And offering a public pension of 3,000 baht per month with a goal of 5 million people, allowing people to enter the system of voluntary and compulsory savings
to create a long-term public pension system
will make the foundation economy recover
from the fact that the elderly use money to spend on daily life
Thai Creates Thai promotes a policy to increase the old age allowance by 3,000 baht per month
The Chart Phatthana Kla Party
Will increase the potential of the elderly to become an economic force through the "Silver Strategy" policy by providing financial support to entrepreneurs to employ 500,000 elderly positions and have a fund of 50,000 baht per household.
To adjust the civilization for the living of the elderly, targeting 4 million households in the first year
Chart Thai Pattana Party
Launched the policy "WOW THAILAND" Wealth Opportunity and Welfare for All to create wealth, create opportunities and create a good quality of life for the people.
One of which is job creation.
generate income for the elderly
came to the small party
Starting from the Seri Ruam Thai Party
Proposes a policy to extend the retirement age of civil servants from 60 to 65 years old and increase the pension of people without income after 65 years old, 3,000 baht per person per month.
which has a role in the 3 southern border provinces
presented a policy to increase the welfare of the elderly to 3,000 baht per month, while the Thai Civilized Party
Raise a policy to increase the old age allowance by 5,000 baht per month
Increasing the old age allowance affects the country's treasury, at risk of bankruptcy
From a collection of policies related to the elderly of each political party during the campaign debate.
It may or may not be possible to continue to follow up.
After the end of the election battle and which party will be the government
But it's likely to cost a lot of money.
So the question arises, where will the budget come from?
This story has an answer from "Dr. Nonarit Phisonyabutr", a senior scholar.
General economic policy and applied economics
Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI) said that the first thing to increase the allowance for the elderly is 3,000 baht per month, which is the policy of most political parties.
or some political parties will give more
Considered as a short-term subsidy.
because they can still debate during this period whether it is appropriate or not
But according to academic principles, it's not appropriate.
because it will create too much fiscal burden
If increasing the old age allowance to 3,000 baht per month from the number of over 12 million elderly people, it is estimated that the budget will be spent at 430,000 million baht per year.
Or if in the future there will be an increase of 20 million elderly people, it will require an additional budget of over 700,000 million baht per year.
“In the short term, during the debate, political parties will not say whether this policy is appropriate or not. But in the long term, it will destroy the preparedness system. Because in economics, people must be prepared to a certain extent. both in terms of working, earning money and saving If the signal is not prepared, it will create a fiscal burden. may make the country unable to move on from the welfare system that makes Thailand unable to live or will have to choose to collect more taxes on the people.”
“In the short term, during the debate, political parties will not say whether this policy is appropriate or not.
But in the long term, it will destroy the preparedness system.
Because in economics, people must be prepared to a certain extent.
both in terms of working, earning money and saving
If the signal is not prepared, it will create a fiscal burden.
may make the country unable to move on
from the welfare system that makes Thailand unable to live
or will have to choose to collect more taxes on the people.”
While the Scandinavian countries
There is a large amount of taxation on citizens.
because there is a pension system
and insurance coverage
which is good welfare and has a fairly good protection system for people in the country
and an increase in the subsistence allowance in presenting the policies of each political party in Thailand.
To secure the income of the elderly is a good thing.
but should be appropriate
When these long-term policies are inappropriate
should use a co-payment mechanism
with the people paying part and the state paying another part.
There is an incentive for people to save money.
to spend in the elderly
Therefore, I would like to suggest that political parties see that the elderly currently lack a large number of caregivers.
But when there is someone taking care of it, it causes the person taking care of the karma.
because the child may have to quit his job to take care of
become unprepared in the future
If one day you want to go back to work but you are away from work for a long time, it is not desirable for your employer.
Each political party leverages its policy on the elderly.
elderly care offer
reduce dependency on family
First, what must be done to reduce dependence on family?
Which each political party should go to debate
Second, on the development of housing for the elderly.
Although at present there is a comprehensive senior housing center or Senior Complex, but most of them cannot be accessed.
And the elderly often want to be close to their families.
Therefore, it should be built in the community to be able to integrate with family members.
with the community coming to embrace
It is another issue that political parties want to focus on.
The final point on the age gap
In the past, dogs believed that following adults would not bite them.
or take a hot bath before
Not currently available
Because the new generation of children play mobile phones.
What should be done to allow people of two ages to combine with each other?
must be strengthened to connect activities between the new generation and the elderly
To improve physical health and mental health, making the elderly live longer.
“As far as I can see, each party's policy on the elderly Emphasis on income collateral But still not the best in many matters. I want the fiscal system to be a shared payment system that will create more sustainability. If continuing to implement the policy as campaigned, it requires a huge budget. should have to choose between collecting more taxes or reduce expenses may cause a policy campaign to occur But if already done Shouldn't let people in the country be affected as well "
“As far as I can see, each party's policy on the elderly
Emphasis on income collateral
But still not the best in many matters.
I want the fiscal system to be a shared payment system that will create more sustainability.
If continuing to implement the policy as campaigned, it requires a huge budget.
should have to choose between collecting more taxes
or reduce expenses
may cause a policy campaign to occur
But if already done
Shouldn't let people in the country be affected as well "