In Oslo, preparations are being made for the presentation of the prestigious award, which really caused quite a wave of criticism this year.
The Nobel Peace Prize
is planned to be awarded to three human rights organizations from Ukraine, Belarus and Russia at once.
Critics insisted on the inadmissibility of putting our countries on the same level in the midst of war.
Radio Svoboda correspondent Zoryana Stepanenko spoke about the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize on TSN.
The Nobel Peace Prize itself is unique in many ways.
Not only because her only one, unlike awards in other fields, is presented not in Stockholm, but in Oslo.
This is what Alfred Nobel commanded, who wanted Norway, which at that time was in union with Sweden, to be involved in the great event.
The ceremony that will take place tomorrow is truly grandiose for Norway itself: it takes place in the city hall.
The king is always present on it.
A solemn banquet will be held there afterwards.
Among the invited guests are politicians, diplomats, scientists from all over the world.
By the way, the Russian ambassador was not called this year.
A nomination for the Peace Prize among all others always provokes the most powerful wave of criticism and controversy in different parts of the world.
This year, it was shared by Ukrainian and Russian human rights defenders and the head of a Belarusian human rights organization.
Some called it a step towards understanding between societies, others called it an unsuccessful joke by the Nobel Committee.
"This award is very timely both for human rights defenders and for the fight against abuse of power. And the attention to these three countries, and also to the fact that the three countries are at war together. But the award is not for countries, but for organizations in these countries that persecute the same goal and fighting for the same values," says Kjersti Fløgstad, executive director of the Nobel Peace Center.
Belarusian human rights defender Ales Bilyatskyi is currently in prison, where he was sent because of mass protests after the last presidential elections in the country.
The Russian "Memorial" was liquidated as an organization, and the Russian courts seized its property for the benefit of the state.
By the way, it was during one of these processes that human rights defenders learned that they had won the Nobel Prize.
"We, as "Memorial", have been nominated many times, and we received the award now. We did not receive it alone, but together with our Ukrainian and Belarusian colleagues. And this, in my opinion, is a very important sign. This war destroyed our lives. It destroyed not only the lives of people in Ukraine, it destroyed the lives of people in Russia. Not everyone just understands, unfortunately, in Russia. Looking back, we can say: here we were not tough enough, here we did not insist, here we were not heard. After all, we "Memorial" has been saying for a long time that the case is bad. But they didn't listen to us," says Olena Zhemkova, executive director of the Memorial International Community.
The fact that the award is one in three is not perceived with criticism or irony by the Ukrainian laureates.
The Center for Civil Liberties, which has gone from an organization that helped Euromaidan activists in legal terms to one that now documents potential war crimes and interviews witnesses, is trying to reach out, in particular, to Ukrainians deported to Russia from the occupied territories.
In this regard, the head of the Center told us, Russian human rights defenders are helping to find Ukrainians with whom they are trying to restore contact.
The head of the center now travels literally all over the world, meets with politicians, diplomats and tries to convince them that peace will come only with justice.
Therefore, it is necessary to create, as they say, a special tribunal that would make Russia answer for what it has done.
"We have been documenting war crimes for eight years since Russia began its occupation of Crimea, Luhansk and Donetsk regions, with a particular focus on illegal detention, torture, sexual violence, killing of civilians, as well as political persecution and imprisonment of people in the occupied territories . All these eight years, we sent dozens of reports to the UN, OSCE, Council of Europe, European Parliament, but we were not heard. We fought for attention. And now the Nobel Peace Prize has given us this attention. And we will use it," says the head of the human rights organization organization "Civil Liberties Center" Oleksandr Matviychuk.
The Center for Civil Liberties has not yet decided how the prize will be spent, because it is too much.
They say, needs, and the eyes literally run away.
In "Memorial" they have determined, but they are keeping the intrigue for now.