Security forces in Belarus have a long list of benefits, compensations and various types of assistance from the state.
We list only a few and compare the life of an ordinary Belarusian with the life of a security guard.
The right to subsidized housing
In Belarus, security forces have the right to a preferential loan.
This right is regulated by two norms: Lukashenka's Decree No. 195 of 2008 and Decree No. 13 of 2012.
According to these documents, military personnel, employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and other security forces have the right to receive a preferential loan.
The loan can cover up to 90% of needs (and in cities with up to 20 thousand people, up to 95%) for the purchase or reconstruction of housing.
It is issued at 5% per annum (and in cities with less than 20,000 people - at 3% per annum).
Cheaper loans in Belarus exist only for large families - at 1% per annum.
Ordinary Belarusians can count on a housing loan at 15-18% per annum.
The primary right to rental housing
Employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs have the right to be the first to receive state rental housing, the general queue for its receipt does not apply to them.
An ordinary Belarusian can get an apartment in a rental house only on a rotating basis and under the condition of working at a state enterprise or institution that provides such housing.
Guarantee of a place for children in kindergarten
Employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus, according to Belarusian legislation, are guaranteed a place for children in kindergartens for three months from the date of application.
A policeman can choose a kindergarten himself, and he cannot be refused there.
An ordinary Belarusian is often forced to look for a place for a child in a state kindergarten long before it goes there.
According to Lukashenka's decree No. 195 of 2008, employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs can also count on compensation for renting residential premises and staying in hotels.
An ordinary Belarusian is compensated for housing rent only in case of business trips.
In some cases, state enterprises and institutions can partially compensate the costs of housing rent.
This applies mainly to distributed young specialists.
Help for recovery
Once a year, an employee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus can receive financial assistance for recovery.
These are 10 basic values, or at the beginning of December 2022, 320 rubles.
Free medicine in certain institutions
Employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs also have the right to free medical care in health care organizations of the Ministry of Finance and the rear of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
These are separate medical facilities that serve active or former security forces.
Their family members can also be treated there.
Early and high pension
In order to retire in Belarus, a security officer must serve 20 years.
Retirement age for soldiers, sergeants, sergeants and officers (up to and including lieutenant colonel) is 48 years.
With some ranks, it is possible to serve in the system more.
For example, general-colonels can serve up to 60 years, colonels - up to 50 years.
Those policemen who want to continue to serve can be left on duty with their consent, but up to the age of 65.
Officially, a policeman can become a pensioner at the age of 40, while at first the state will not pay the full amount of the pension due to the former policeman, but a part of it, which is gradually increasing.
Official information on the amount of pensions received by former security forces is not published in Belarus.
However, according to Svaboda's information, such pensions are approximately twice as large as those of pensioners who worked in other budget organizations or in industry, amounting to about 1,200 rubles.
The size of the pension of a former policeman or soldier in Belarus depends on many factors - rank, place of service and others.
As told to Svaboda at the end of 2020, former security forces who resigned from the Ministry of Internal Affairs with the rank of lieutenant colonel, their pensions at that time amounted to 700 to 1,000 rubles.
Taking into account all the increases in August 2022, they should have received approximately from 800 to 1200. For comparison: the pension of a former teacher is 500-600 rubles, the average appointed pension in Belarus as of December is 670 rubles.
Men retire at 63, women at 58.
Two teachers' salaries
According to current job announcements, the policeman is offered a salary of 1,400-1,500 rubles at the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
For comparison, they are willing to pay a teacher 600-800 rubles, about half as much.
The right to have no right
After the elections in August 2020, Belarusian security forces committed unmotivated violence against protesters: demonstrators were beaten, tortured with stun guns and even raped.
Not a single police officer was punished for this.
On the contrary, Lukashenka called them "handsome".
And on May 17, 2021, Lukashenka signed a law that allows security forces to use combat and specialized equipment to disperse demonstrators with impunity.
According to this law, they are not responsible for harm caused to people when using special means.
An ordinary Belarusian can be detained for wearing socks of the wrong color, white and red curtains on the windows or simply for chatting.
"The security forces are held by fear, but not by social guarantees"
Svoboda spoke with the former security guard about benefits, medical care and other guarantees and how well they work.
"In a way, you can feel more socially protected, but the problem is that, although you have social guarantees, there is a salary ceiling.
You can develop professionally and be an excellent specialist in a certain field, but the employee's salary will increase much more slowly than his needs grow," says the former security officer.
As for the preferential loan, according to the man, it is not difficult to get it.
"Standing in line is quite easy, but waiting in line is not so easy.
It can stretch for 5-8 years," says the former policeman.
There are no problems with rental housing either.
Sometimes, under its guise, an employee of the security forces can be offered a dormitory or will pay half the cost of a rented apartment.
"The law enforcement agency can offer an employee either a dormitory or a partial rent payment.
Often up to 50%, but it should be taken into account that this applies to one-room or two-room apartments.
The police department will not pay half of the rent of the royal chambers," says the former policeman.
The former police officer assesses the level of medicine in specialized institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs as good and notes that the queues there are shorter than in ordinary clinics.
"Doctors are really good, and that's a fact.
The level of medicine is equal to the national standard, and sometimes exceeds it.
It should be taken into account that there is nothing supernatural in law enforcement clinics, however, you can quickly undergo an ultrasound, get consultations from the right doctors and not have to wait for several months.
There are no queues at normal times, with the exception of the period of passing general medical commissions (most often the employees of the law enforcement agencies pass it centrally), and during this period you have to improvise in order to pass the doctors as quickly as possible," says the man.
According to a former employee of the law enforcement agency, social guarantees are not the most important factor that prevents law enforcement officers from being fired.
Previously, in his opinion, it was the fear of "being behind the fence".
He said, "I can't do anything else."
And now it's a fear of a different order.
"How to announce the dismissal of the security forces from the bodies, if the struggle with the "fighters" continues?
Will he not be declared a wrestler?
And if they find something forbidden?
And if he once forwarded some anti-state sedition or "state secret" to a former colleague, would this be considered treason?
Because now she is threatened with execution.
And how to go to work in another place after such a unique experience gained in the early 2020s?
"Silovikov is held by fear, but not by social guarantees," says the interlocutor.
with our editors.