As a result of Russia's missile attacks on the country's infrastructure, the sewage system is also at risk.

In the absence of electricity and water, stations that pump sewage from the network to septic tanks may not work.

Many Ukrainians are thinking about choosing biotoilets for apartments and houses.

Portable biotoilets may be needed in the country and on trips.

If you don't have a sewage system, if it doesn't work, you can't connect to it, you can use a bio toilet  

What types of biotoilets are there, how do they work

Depending on the way waste is treated, biotoilets are divided into:

  • chemical, or liquid, where waste is processed with liquid household chemicals.

  • peat, they function as a result of composting under the action of peat bacteria.

  • electric ones, which under the influence of high temperature burn waste to ash or dry it to compost.

The design of all types of bio-toilets is not much different.

Most of them have an upper and a lower tank.

The lower tank is intended for dumping and accumulation of household waste.

In the upper tank, depending on the type and design, dry products for filling feces or liquid for the same purposes are stored.

Depending on the model, toilets have different accessories.

Chemical or liquid types of biotoilets can be used both indoors and outdoors.

If there are no problems with the connection to the electrical network in the apartment, it is advisable to use electric biotoilets.

They may have a drain system and other convenient features.

But their cost is higher than other types of toilets.

How do liquid, chemical biotoilets work, why are they suitable for an apartment

Chemical-type biotoilets consist of a capacity for collecting waste and a drain box for sanitary liquid, a solution of water with a chemical agent.

Such a biotoilet is a special design for waste collection, one of the tanks of which must be periodically emptied and "recycled" masses thrown away.

The main feature of this model is autonomy, a high degree of tightness and maximum absorption of odors.

The chemicals used for such toilets break down, disinfect waste, and eliminate odors.

As a rule, each manufacturer indicates the compatibility of structures with certain cleaning fluids.

Formaldehyde (blue), ammonium (green) and biological (with probiotics and natural enzymes) liquids are used for chemical biotoilets.

How to use liquid, chemical biotoilets 

Before use, the tanks are filled with special cleaning liquids.

The liquid in the upper tank is responsible for disinfection and elimination of odors, in the lower one - for waste decomposition.

The upper tank is filled with water.

Once the waste tank is full, it must be removed, cleaned and installed back into the unit.

Among all types of portable toilets, chemical toilets are considered the most hermetic, they fight odors the best.

Therefore, they can be used even in apartments or rooms of elderly people. 

Liquid toilets can be portable, with a small capacity, or stationary.

There are even compact options that you can take with you in the car.

How a peat or compost toilet works

This is an ideal solution for a country house.

These types of toilets process waste with peat bacteria, the resulting compost can be used as fertilizer for the vegetable garden, flower beds, and garden.

After using the bio-toilet, a special handle is pressed on the structure, as a result of which the peat filler enters the main compost box.

Under the action of peat bacteria, waste is composted.

Can be used both outdoors and indoors.

If

indoors, then only in a separate, well-ventilated room. 

In the apartment, the peat toilet is used less often

only because it is inconvenient to empty the tank that has filled up.

If in the country the contents of the peat toilet are used for further composting, then in the apartment its contents simply cannot be disposed of anywhere.

Ordinary peat is not suitable for use in a bio-toilet.

Since the natural content of microorganisms is too small for the rapid decomposition of waste, it is necessary to purchase special packages of peat enriched with living bacteria.

The principle of operation of an electric biotoilet

In our realities of lack of electricity supply, this is the least appropriate option, because its operation requires a

mandatory connection to the electrical network

.

In addition, when used indoors, forced ventilation must be provided.

Electric biotoilets process decay products into already ready compost.

They do not need to divide fecal masses into fractions.

All of them fall into a specially prepared peat mixture.

There, according to the same principle as in peat biotoilets, organic matter is decomposed.

However, the process here is much faster due to the fact that the optimal temperature for the life of microorganisms is maintained.

With the help of mixing and drying, faecal masses are processed into fully prepared compost.

It can be thrown directly from the toilet onto the ground.

Among the electric toilet options, there are those where the bio-toilet tank is divided into two parts.

Only liquid waste enters one, and solid waste into the other.

They do not mix with each other.

Solid waste dried inside the toilet can be used to make compost. 

Among the disadvantages of this type of toilets is not only the need for electricity, but also the high cost.

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