Even today, the 137th anniversary of the birth of Uzeyir Hajibeyli, a genius composer, the founder of Azerbaijani professional music art, a musicologist-scientist, the author of the first opera in the East, and a public figure is completed.

APA reports that the day when the genius composer opened his eyes to the world is also celebrated as National Music Day in our country.

It should be noted that since the night of September 12, all ceremonial events dedicated to September 18 - National Music Day, due to the presence of our martyrs from the ranks of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces in the battle that took place as a result of large-scale provocation by the units of the Armenian armed forces on the Azerbaijan-Armenia state border, were organized by the Ministry of Culture. postponed.

According to the changes in the program of the festival to be held within the framework of the Music Day, only the scientific-theoretical conference, master classes and academic music events have been kept.

Uzeyir Hajibeyli is an artist known as the founder of the first opera in the East, in addition to his multifaceted activities as a composer, scientist, writer, publicist, public and political figure.

Thanks to his selfless work, the history of Azerbaijani national opera began with the opera "Leyli and Majnun", which was staged 114 years ago.

The first conductor of the opera was Abdurrahim Bey Hagverdiyev, and its director was Huseyn Arablinski.

The immortal artist Huseyngulu Sarabski played the role of Majnun, and Abdurrahim Farajov played the role of Leyli.

The first performance was played on January 12 (25), 1908, in Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev's theater in Baku.

"Leyli and Majnun" based on the poem of the same name by the great Azerbaijani poet Muhammad Fuzuli is the first opera not only of Azerbaijan, but also of the East.

The opera history of the Old East started from this day.

Inspired by the success of the first opera, Uzeyir Bey wrote one after the other "Sheikh Sanan" (1909), "Rustam and Sohrab" (1910), "Shah Abbas and Khurshidbanu", "Asli and Karam" (1912), "Harun and Leyla" (1915). ) wrote national operas such as

The peak of Uzeyir Hajibeyli's creativity is the opera "Koroglu".

"Koroglu" is one of the shining examples not only in Azerbaijani culture, but also among world operas.

"Koroglu" opera also charmed the Moscow audience.

This huge work, which brought success to fate, was performed many times in the opera and ballet theaters of the former Soviet republics.

There was also an unfinished opera by Uzeyir Hajibeyli called "Furuza".

Among the musical pieces of this opera based on folk tales, the aria of "Furuza" is particularly noteworthy.

Perhaps that is why, although the opera was left unfinished, the aria was skillfully performed by singers for many years.

The creation of the first operetta genre in the East is also connected with the name of Uzeyir Hajibeyli.

The first musical comedy of the genius composer is "Husband and Wife" consisting of three acts.

This work is the first example of musical comedy in Azerbaijan.

The first performance of the work was in 1910.

H. Sarabski (Marjan Bey), A. Aghdamski (Ms. Minnet Khanum) and others acted in the roles.

The author's second musical comedy is "Let it be, let it be".

The first performance of the work took place in April 1911 in Baku.

Later, the musical comedy was translated into different languages ​​and staged.

The artist's third and last musical comedy is "Arshin mal alan".

This operetta has been translated into about 70 foreign languages ​​and played on the stage of more than 100 theaters.

"Arshin Mal Alan" was screened five times and was repeatedly recorded on the gramophone shaft.

The first feature film based on this musical comedy was shot in 1916.

It was a silent film.

Uzeyir Hajibeyli notated more than 300 folk songs, wrote marches, cantatas, fantasias, songs and romances, chamber and choral works.

It is interesting that the anthems of both Azerbaijan People's Republic and Soviet Azerbaijan belonged to a genius artist.

After gaining our independence, we still love to sing the first anthem that brought the glory of freedom to our people.

Uzeyir Hajibeyli not only composed music, but also prepared various tools to convey the theoretical foundations of folk music to the next generation.

The scientific work "Fundamentals of Azerbaijani folk music" published in 1945 is still used as a music textbook today as a relic of Uzeyir Hajibeyli's excellent activity as a musicologist-scientist.