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Who is at risk for heart failure?

Thairath Online

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  • health and beauty

22 Aug 2022 20:00

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heart failure

Or that many people are familiar with the word "heart attack" is a symptom that we may see as a distant matter.

Without realizing that in fact, all genders and ages are all at risk for this condition.

For example, at the beginning of the year, we often saw news of famous people passing away from heart failure even at a very young age.

But before talking about heart failure

Let's get to know the heart first.

An organ that performs an important function "heart"

Our heart is an organ that performs important functions, mainly it receives blood from different parts of the body and sends it to the lungs for oxygen.

before receiving the blood from the oxygen that the lungs send back to the heart

And the blood is sent by squeezing the blood carrier to the various parts of the body. Therefore, heart failure is a condition in which the heart is unable to receive and send blood.

may start from unacceptable

and can't be followed by sending

This kind of event is caused by the inability of the heart muscle to perform this function.

How many types of heart attacks are there?

Heart failure is divided into two main types as follows.


1. Left heart failure.

originating from the left ventricle of the heart

or the room on the left

have an abnormality

There will be symptoms of tiredness easily while exerting yourself.

Difficulty breathing while lying down, fatigue, etc.


2. Right heart failure.

originating from the right ventricle of the heart

or the right upper chamber is abnormal

There will be swelling in the feet, legs, abdominal distension, flatulence due to liver enlargement from liver congestion.

ascites

May experience nausea and loss of appetite

Causes of Heart Failure or Heart Attack

Congestive heart failure is any condition that prevents the heart muscle from functioning.

The reasons that are often found are as follows:


1. The blood vessels that supply the heart muscle get clogged.

acute ischemia

Therefore, the heart muscle can not function.


2. High blood pressure.

causing the heart muscle to contract abnormally

thickens the heart muscle

when leaving for a long time

Will cause the muscles to stretch eventually, resulting in poor contraction.


3. Abnormalities of the heart structure, such as heart valves are narrowed or blocked, will cause the heart to squeeze out the blood poorly.

or have backflow of blood

can result in heart failure, myocardium thicker than normal, congenital abnormalities and pericardial dysfunction, etc.


4. Cardiac arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation


There are also other reasons.

These are additional factors such as diabetes, overweight, smoking, inappropriate exercise, anemia, excessive alcohol consumption.

Toxic thyroid

including hereditary factors, etc.

Who is at risk for heart failure?

Heart attack or heart failure can occur in any age group.

It depends on what the cause is.

If you are young

Most are caused by genetic factors such as having abnormal heart valves since birth.

but never showing any symptoms

Whenever there is a trigger, such as inflammation, infection, it causes the heart valves to become inflamed.

Heart valves are not functioning well.

It will result in a heart attack.

or heart failure

or in some people the heart muscle is thicker than usual

which is a genetic factor since childhood

and there are other factors from daily living behavior as a stimulus.

a condition that increases the heart's function, such as infection, strenuous exercise

Overdoing it too much, eating salty, having high blood pressure.

It is a condition that can be found in the younger group.

but in the older age group

Most of them will have a combination of disease factors, such as high blood pressure, lipids, and diabetes, in which most people with heart disease in the early stages have no symptoms.

will begin to have symptoms when it becomes more and more severe

That is, the process of heart disease takes place slowly.

asymptomatic because the heart will try to adjust to make the body as comfortable and normal as possible

therefore no symptoms

Therefore, when there are no symptoms

Don't think it's okay

People with risk factors such as genetic factors

You should keep checking your health regularly.

How can a heart attack be prevented?


1. Groups with risk factors, such as having a family member with heart disease

being overweight

Rarely exercise, high blood pressure, high fat, check your health

In most cases, if you are over 35 years old, it is advisable to do a preliminary heart check.

even if there are no symptoms at all

by taking blood to look at blood pressure, diabetes, lipids, X-ray of the lungs and looking at abnormalities of the heart by electrocardiogram

Including a treadmill to check the condition of the heart.

And there should be a change in daily behavior to correct the above risk factors.

prevent heart disease in the next order


2. Group with congenital heart abnormalities

to see if it is an abnormality in any form, such as a prolapsed heart valve

The heart valves leak less often, asymptomatically, and can lead a normal life.

should be inspected once a year

But if there are many abnormalities

affecting daily life, should see the doctor more often according to the doctor's opinion, how severe the symptoms are

Which can be divided into 2 types of people with congenital


heart abnormalities · Congenital heart abnormalities

underwent surgery to correct until like normal

You should come to check your health and heart again after the age of 35.


· Heart abnormalities since birth.

Undergoing surgery, but there are still traces left.

The symptoms should be monitored periodically according to the traces that the doctor has detected.

regularly

in order not to come back again

Symptoms are at risk of heart failure.

The symptoms that are clearly noticeable

In the beginning, he walks like a person who doesn't have much energy.

Because the heart squeezes the blood supply to the different parts.

in the body is not enough

have easy fatigue

exercise time

Or doing activities that require a lot of vigorous exercise, swelling legs, swollen feet, unable to lie down, lung flooding. In some people, abdominal edema.

Constipation, loss of appetite, so if you have symptoms that are different from your normal routine, you should come for a check-up first so that you can determine if there is a risk of heart disease or not.

which if detected in the early stages

In some cases, medication may not be needed, just behavioral changes can improve symptoms.

The treatment effect will be better after detecting more episodes.

and leave it for a long time

Patients with heart disease and COVID-19 infection

COVID is an infectious disease.

that can cause heart disease

Because it can cause inflammation of the blood vessels.

and if the blood vessels that supply the heart muscle become inflamed

It will cause myocardial infarction.

or lack of blood

And with COVID itself, it can also cause myocarditis.

and inducing a heart attack

can cause cardiac arrhythmias

Including COVID can cause lung infections to inflame.

causing low oxygen in the body

the heart works harder

It is a factor that can cause disease as well.

Therefore, in the case of people suffering from heart disease before being infected with coronavirus, the risk of danger is 2-3 times more than that of the general population. Doctors recommend that all people with heart disease should be vaccinated against the virus.

even if infected with covid

The severity of the symptoms will be less.

because they have some immunity

And should exercise according to the doctor recommended appropriately.

It will help increase immunity.


Although at present there are many innovative surgical methods.

including medication to help treat

But as a result of the treatment, quality of life was not as good as before.

It's better to protect yourself from this risk than cure it.

Therefore, we should always check our health and heart.

to protect yourself before the disease

Because this disease will not show symptoms in the beginning.

If only a few abnormalities are detected in the early stages

Was able to modify the behavior of daily life.

Take care of your health.

to stay away from disease

And live happily as you want



Article by : Dr. Parichat Karnpluemjit

Cardiologist, Heart Center, Phyathai 2 Hospital

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