Inflammation of the sinuses is a very common phenomenon, and it can cause various problems.

It occurs when the mucous membrane that lines the nose and sinuses becomes inflamed and then swollen, blocking the flow of air and drainage through the nasal passage.

Inflammation is common after catching a cold or flu, as well as in people with allergies.

It is treated with home remedies and rest, and antibiotics may be needed in case of bacterial sinusitis.

There are several signs that indicate you have a sinus infection, which are:

  • Decreased sense of smell

  • High temperature

  • Runny nose or stuffy nose

  • Sinus pain and discomfort

  • Headache

  • weakness

  • Eye sensitivity

  • Wet cough

  • Bad smell

This inflammation is caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infections.

There are many bacteria in our nose, most of which are not dangerous.

Only when the channels in the sinuses are closed, bacteria can no longer pass and multiply easily, causing infection and then inflammation.

Sinus inflammation is most often caused by viral infections.

Types of sinus inflammation

Acute inflammation of the sinuses

It lasts up to four weeks and is caused by viruses or allergies.

It starts with a cold and then the symptoms turn into a sinus infection.

If the symptoms last longer than the specified time, you should go to the doctor because in this case it may be a bacterial infection and an antibiotic will be needed.

Subacute sinus and recurrent acute sinus

It occurs during allergy season and symptoms last up to three months.

Recurrent acute sinusitis is an inflammation that recurs several times a year.

Chronic sinus inflammation

It lasts more than 12 weeks, even up to a year without stopping, and the symptoms are much milder than in acute inflammation caused by bacteria.

To find out the cause, an examination by an otorhinolaryngologist and additional examinations such as CT are required.

In case of symptoms that last for a long time and do not go away or when the body temperature is elevated for several days, it is necessary to visit the doctor.

Although uncomfortable, sinus inflammation usually goes away on its own.

Resting often, drinking plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration, and taking medicine for high fever are equally important.

Warm or cold compresses applied to the sinuses, eyes, nose, or forehead may also help.

If you are a smoker, reduce your smoking.

In chronic sinus that does not respond to antibiotics, surgery may be necessary.