Photo: Taken from Xataka.

The Artemis program aims to return man to the Moon and even establish colonies there where humans can spend long periods of time.

To do this, yes, it is necessary to find the optimal place in which to establish these settlements, and now it seems that we have found not one, but several (small) options:

Lunar oasis:

On the Moon, temperatures are extreme: some parts of our satellite boil and reach 127 ºC during the day, while others freeze and suffer temperatures of -173 ºC at night.

However, a group of scientists have discovered a series of some 200 shady lunar pits in which the temperature is always maintained at around 17ºC, which places them as great alternatives for human settlements.

Many advantages:

It is not only the temperature, but these pits also provide protection from solar winds, micrometeorites and cosmic rays.

Tyler Horvath, one of those responsible for the discovery, explained how "surviving the lunar night is incredibly difficult because it requires a lot of energy, but being in these pits and caves practically eliminates that requirement completely."

A "divine" camera:

The first lunar trench was discovered in 2009 by the Kaguya (formerly Selene) probe of the Japanese Aerospace Agency (JAXA).

To discover these new trenches, a thermal camera called the Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment has been used, which is part of the equipment of NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO).

Pits leading to caves:

Of the 200 pits detected, two or three appear to also be the mouth of lunar caves, while another 16 appear to be "skylights" from collapsed lava tubes.

On Earth we have formations of this type, such as the Cueva del Viento in Tenerife, in the Canary Islands.

This reminds me of Gijón:

The team of scientists who analyzed the temperatures of these pits discovered that in one of them, while in the area exposed to the sun the temperatures were extreme (up to 149 ºC), in the areas covered by the shade those temperatures They were cool and hovered around 17ºC, which, for example, is quite similar to the average temperatures of Gijón, in the north of Spain.

Apollo was close:

The trench analyzed is also in the Mare Tranquilitatis, relatively close (375 km) from where two of the Apollo missions (11 and 17) landed on the moon.

The study could boost a future mission that was already proposed in 2020 to study these trenches much more in detail and, if these data are confirmed, we would be facing especially interesting places to have future lunar refuges there.

On video, visits to the Moon of Apollo 13

(Taken from Xataka)