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James Lovelock, the ecologist who created the theory of the Earth - Gaia, according to which it is a living organism threatened by human activity, died on his 103rd birthday, BTA reports.

His wife and children specified that he died among his family from complications after a fall.

They added that until six months ago, Lovelock was able to walk along the shore near their home in Dorset and give interviews until he had a bad fall. 

Among James Lovelock's scientific contributions are a device for measuring ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere and pollutants in air, soil and water. 

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Lovelock proposed the Gaia theory in the 1970s.

He describes the Earth as a complex self-regulating system that created and maintains the conditions for life on the planet.

According to him, human activity has thrown it dangerously out of balance.

Lovelock was born in 2019. He studied chemistry, medicine and biophysics in the UK and the US.

He worked for the Medical Research Council in Great Britain on NASA's lunar and Mars projects in the 1960s at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.

For most of his career, however, he was an independent researcher. 

deceased scientist