Date of the day

On July 21, 2011,

Kazimer Svyontak

, archbishop, metropolitan of Minsk-Mogilev, the first cardinal in the history of independent Belarus, a prisoner of the Gulag, died.

Cardinal Casimir Svyontak

Also on this day

356 BC




burned the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus.

1831 -

Leopold I

is elected constitutional monarch of the Kingdom of Belgium, celebrated as Belgium Day.

1917 — the Congress of Belarusian organizations and parties began in Minsk, which formed the Central Council of Belarusian Organizations.

1960 — Il-12 crash in Minsk.

8 people died.

1969 - the first earthling, the American astronaut

Neil Armstrong

, set foot on the moon.

Armstrong, together with astronaut

Edwin Aldrin

, landed Apollo 11 on the moon a day earlier - on July 20, 1969.

Astronaut Edwin Aldrin on the moon

1983 - the lowest temperature recorded on Earth in the entire history of observation was −89.2 ° C at the Vskhod Antarctic station.

They were born on this day

356 BC



Alexander the Great

, king of Macedonia, military leader, creator of the world empire.

1816 -

Paul Reuter,

the founder of the largest modern British news agency Reuters.

1860 -

Anton Kamensky

, Belarusian, Polish and French illustrator and graphic artist.

1891 -

Simon Kandybovich

, Belarusian statesman, historian.

1897 -

Vasyl Sokolovsky

, Soviet military commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union, born in Belarus.

1899 —

Ernst Hemingway

, American writer, laureate of the Nobel Prize in Literature for 1954.

Ernst Hemingway

In memory

1944 -

Klaus Schenk von Stauffenberg

, colonel of the German army, one of the organizers and executor of the assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler (executed).

Klaus Schenk von Stauffenberg

1994 —

Vladislav Rubanov

, writer.