Events of July 16 in Belarusian and world history.

Date of the day

On July 16, 1054, the papal legates announced the excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople

Michael Cerularius

, and he the legates.

This date is considered the beginning of the Great Schism, which divided the Christian Church, which had been united until then, into two parts: Catholic and Orthodox.

Also on this day

1941 - German troops occupied Smolensk.

1945 - the USA conducted the first successful test of an atomic bomb at a test site in the state of New Mexico.

1951 - the famous novel "The Catcher in the Rye" by the American writer

Jerome Salinger

was published .

1990 — the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the Declaration on State Sovereignty.

1990 — The Council of Ministers of the BSSR declared the complex of monuments of history and culture in Polatsk the Polatsk historical and cultural reserve of republican importance.

2005 — the 4th Congress of Belarusians of the World began in Minsk.

They were born on this day

1863 -

Tikhan Kibardin

, Belarusian architect.

Under his leadership, in 1890 and 1902, general plans for the development of Vitebsk were developed.

1872 -

Roald Amundsen

, Norwegian traveler.

Foresight and prudence are equally important: foresight is to notice difficulties in time, and prudence is to prepare in the most careful way to meet them.

Roald Amundsen

1879 —

Vasil Raghulya

, Belarusian social and political figure.

1908 -

Yurka Liavonna

, Belarusian poet.

Shot by Soviet punitive authorities in 1938.

1968 —

Larry Sanger

, one of the founders and editor-in-chief of Wikipedia.

In memory

1976 —

Yan Stankevich

, Belarusian linguist, historian, political figure.

1985 —



, German writer, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature.

1989 —

Herbert von Karajan

, Austrian conductor.

1990 -

Mikalai Orehva

, a figure of the revolutionary movement in Western Belarus, Belarusian historian.

2005 —

Yanina Kakhanovskaya

, daughter of the Belarusian emigration to the USA, grandmother of the singer Danchyk.