Avian flu can be deadly and can cause widespread outbreaks that occasionally spread to humans.

"In Kosovo, this disease has been present since May 2021, when we have the first confirmed cases in households or otherwise known as yard chickens.

"Then from September we have cases of the disease outbreak in commercial farms, but even in these years the last case was in February of this year", said the spokesman of the FVA, Lamir Thaçi in a response to the Telegraph regarding situation in the country.

But can humans get infected with bird flu?

Avian flu is an infectious flu that spreads among birds, but in rare cases it can affect humans.

There are four types that are a cause for concern, says the NHS, which are:

  • H5N1 (since 1997)

  • H7N9 (since 2013)

  • H5N6 (since 2014)

  • H5N8 (since 2016)

  • People can catch bird flu when they have close contact with an infected bird (dead or alive), the NHS says.

    It infects people when they touch infected birds, their feces, bedding, or prepare the bird for cooking, writes

    The

    Sun.

    Markets selling live birds can also be a source of bird flu.

    You can not become infected with bird flu by eating fully cooked poultry or eggs, even in areas with an outbreak of bird flu.

    In January 2022, it was confirmed that a man in the southwest had been infected with bird flu for the first time in the UK.

    A source said the case was seized after routine surveillance testing was triggered by infection in his herd.

    Laboratory tests show that humans are infected with an H5 strain of bird flu, most likely the H5N1 strain.

    The UK Health and Safety Agency (UKHSA) says: “Avian influenza is an infectious type of influenza that spreads among birds and there are many different types.

    Some types of bird flu can be transmitted to humans, but this is extremely rare.

    "It usually requires very close contact with an infected bird, so the risk to humans is considered very low."

    Can people die from bird flu?

    Avian flu has caused serious outbreaks in the past, namely in 2016-2017 when almost 300 people lost their lives from the H7N9 strain in China.

    The country had already faced several waves since 2013. A total of 759 infections and 281 deaths were reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the CDC.

    In total, about 1,200 people have been diagnosed with H7N9 since it first appeared.

    About 40 percent have died, giving it a high mortality rate.

    The WHO has identified H7N9 as "an extremely dangerous virus for humans."

    The main symptoms of bird flu can appear very quickly and include:

    • A very high temperature, feeling of heat or temperature;

    • Muscle aches;

    • Headache;

    • A cough or shortness of breath.

    Other early symptoms may include:

    • Diarrhea;

    • Stomach ache;

    • Chest pain;

    • Bleeding from the nose and gums.

      / Telegraphy /

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