The text was first published on our website on December 25, 2016.

She, a Frenchwoman by birth, spoke excellent languages ​​of Zal and Bogushevich, had an explosive-carnival temperament, had no children of her own, but many students considered her their mother.

Vladislav Lutsevich in his youth

1. She was annoyed by the slowness of the Belarusians

She liked that any business was done very quickly, without long-term leadership.

When she sent someone with an order, she always said: "Only, please, quickly, on one leg ..."

2. Her mother was not related to the famous Impressionist Claude Monet

For a long time it was believed that Vladislava Francanova came from the lineage of the artist Claude Monet, but, according to the scientific secretary of the Yanka Kupala State Literary Museum Galina Voronova, "Vladislav's mother, Emilia Monet, took the name from her first husband.

After the divorce, she came from Paris to the Volozhin region, in Vishnevoe, to work as a governess.

Here she married a forester Franz Stankevich, from whose marriage Vladka was born.

Yanka Kupala

3. Yanka Kupala liked to say that, thanks to his wife, he became related to Dunin-Martsinkevich

Vikenti Stankevich (brother of Uladzislau Lutsevich) compiled a pedigree and learned that the nephew of the author of "Idyll" Boleslaw was married to Vincentina Rutkowska from a noble family from Navahrudak.

Vladislava Teklya's grandmother was from the same family.

Kupala liked to say that if he got married he could consider himself a relative of Dunin-Martsinkevich.

Aunt (Alaiza Pashkevich)

4. For Vladislava's family her attraction to Belarus was a "contrived nonsense"

Psychologically, she was well supported by her aunt: "My aunt introduced me as an" avid Belarusian. "

She sincerely hugged me, kissed me and said, "Well done!"

This moved me a lot, because usually not only strangers but also family laughed at me and scolded for being Belarusian as a "contrived nonsense."

Yanka Kupala's mother

5. The mother-in-law laughed at her fuss

In Zair Azgur's memoirs: “Aunt Vlad was preparing a table in the second room.

She was very fussy.

And Yanka's old mother Benigna Ivanovna, laughing, said: "It's not noodles, don't miss it."

Alexander Vlasov, the first editor of Nasha Niva

6. She made ice cream together with Alexander Vlasov under the bullets of Poles

According to Alexander Vlasov's niece Vera Nizhankovskaya: “Typical for Sasha [Alexander Vlasov.

- V. De Em.] Was a case mentioned by Vladislava Lutsevich.

In the 1920s, Minsk was under fire.

It seems that the Poles were coming.

Everyone was nervous.

An uncle appears under the bombing of Kupala and says: "Aunt Kupaliha, you have milk, I brought sugar, we will make ice cream."

Uladzislau Frantsanava says: “Uncle, are you crazy?

We can be killed at any moment! ”

But Sasha was so upset that finally everyone got down to business, and while turning the ice cream, the most terrible moments passed, and everyone was grateful to his uncle.

Józef Pilsudski

7. Thanks to her directorial efforts, Yanka Kupala's poem became the most memorable number at the party of Józef Pilsudski

According to the memoirs of the artist Yauhen Tikhanovich: “There was a case when Aunt Vlad took Lucy Golubok [daughter of Vladislav Golubko. - W. De Em.] For a couple of days for Lucy to study Kupala's poems under her guidance. Rehearsals took place in the House and Congress of the RSDLP, where Kupala's family lived at the time. Aunt Vlad as a former teacher had the secrets of approaching children - it was easy for her to work with a talented girl. (...) The evening was dedicated to Józef Pilsudski, who was sitting in the box of the city theater, leaning on his sword. He looked tenderly at the little girl and smiled through his big mustache. Apparently, he liked the little girl who read the Belarusian greeting poem from Kupala so well. "This evening," said Lucy Golubok, "I remember the most, because that mustachioed uncle threw flowers at my feet, and then for a long time people clapped their hands,"standing ”.

Minsk City Theater.

Now the Yanka Kupala National Academic Theater

8. Inspired young writers to write plays, which she staged

From the memoirs of Andrei Alexandrovich: “A literary circle was created in the Belarusian working school where I studied, the head of which (...) was Aunt Vlad.

She provided our circle with fiction.

(...) Once Vladislava Frantsanava invited us to take part in the staging of the children's play "Shepherds", which, as she said, was written at her request by a young writer Mikhas Kudelko (Charot).

The play was supposed to be staged during the holidays for schoolchildren of the city.

(...) The play took place in the Minsk City Theater (now the Yanka Kupala Theater).

The ground floor and tiers were filled with children and teachers.

Yanka Kupala and the author of the play Mikhas Charot were sitting in the box together with the representatives of the People's Commissariat of Education. "

9. In the 1930s, the use of fairy tales in the educational process was criticized

According to the scientist Natallia Starzhynskaya: “VF Lutsevich, who also criticized the themes and content of fairy tales (...), did not avoid a common mistake.

The program documents and methodical materials (...) condemned the use of folk tales in the educational process under the guise that, say, anthropomorphism, fantastic content, especially fairy tales, are inaccessible to younger children and even harmful because they run counter to the materialist worldview.

Eugene Nikolaevich Tikhanovich.

Portrait of VF Lutsevich.


10. She knew music and together with Yanka Kupala wrote songs for children

According to the teacher Kastus Purouski: “Aunt Vlad often came with us, and sometimes Yanka Kupala came to our school to write the melody of one or another song.

One had to wonder where she got them from - both melodies and words (...): "Another time we sit at home with Yanka (...) and make up: he picks up the words, and I'm already a composer ..."

Jakub Kolas

11. She loved the company of Yakub Kolas, and he treated her company with restraint

Uladzislau Lutsevich wrote: “... in the beginning of 1912 (...) Yakub Kolas came to Vilnius. Everyone wanted to see him. (...) We listened to the living word of the poet. This meeting has remained in our memory for a long time. " Jakub Kolas, resting at the resort, complained to his wife: “Kupalikha is angry at the weather, at the sadness of Essentuki life. Sometimes she tells me about the events of her life in Vilnius. (...) I do not enter into conversations (...). Mrs. Vladislava (...) is being treated for nerves, and she no longer has any diseases (...) But why can't she be treated. (...) I have three more Sundays left here. I am waiting for them as salvation. " According to Maksim Luzhanin's memoirs: “Konstantin Mikhailovich talks to the poet's widow, director of the Kupala Museum Vladislava Francanskaya. Vice Presidential Office. (...): "Something is bypassing my house, Kupaliha ..." - "Yes, I do not see you in myself, Uncle Kolas."

Vladimir Dubovka

12. She persuaded Uladzimir Dubouka to criticize Yanka Kupala's poems

Dubovka recalled: “Ivan Dominikovich always instructed me to read aloud his new, unpublished works.

(...) Uladzislau Frantsanava joked: “Listen, Uladzik!

Why don't you criticize him so that he doesn't sleep all night? ”

13. Yanka Kupala ironized from her legendary generosity

A member of Alyaksandr Shklyaeu's family recalled: "There was a conversation about the broad nature of Aunt Vlad, who is always ready to do anything to help everyone, and then Yanka Kupala said:" True, Vladka is very generous, only out of my pocket. .) objected: "You're wrong, Yanka, not from your pocket, but from ours."

14. I didn't want Kupala's comedy "Adverbs" to be played in Stalin's time

According to the artist Pavel Malchanau: "She offered to abandon the production of" Primakov "so that sometimes it would not do a bad service to Yanka:

And now, maybe it will be awkward ... No, it's a funny, funny joke, but maybe it's better not to ... ""

Pavel Molchanov

15. She had a heart attack through Bende

According to Mikola Avramchyk's memoirs: “One day an unfortunate incident took place at the Kupala readings in the crowded assembly hall of the main building of the Pedagogical Institute.

Mikhas Larchanka was giving a report, and we were sitting in the presidium, when suddenly the door closest to the stage opened and a stranger entered the hall.

"Bende!" Said Vladislava Frantsanava, frightened, and she felt bad.

She had a heart attack.

A short break was announced in the hall.

Uladzislau Frantsanau was taken home ... ”

16. Did not call high-ranking officials by name - only "comrades"

According to Mikola Avramchyk: "She covered her vulnerability to the new system like an armor shield with the word" comrade ", with which she usually addressed everyone, instead of calling them by name and patronymic."

Yanka Kupala's personal car "Chevrolet"

17. One of the most expensive memoirs about Yanka Kupala was his "Chevrolet".

According to Viktar Korbut and Alyaksandr Stadub, after the poet's death “the car was left for the singer's widow.

When she returned to Minsk and headed the Kupala Museum, until 1950 the car was allowed to be used as a service vehicle by all employees of the memorial house.

And then ordered to keep this car as the most expensive thing.

But there was no room in the museum.

"Chevrolet was sent to Viazynka, and since 1978 the car has been registered in Lyavki."

Yanka Kupala Museum

18. In her museum she loved to do all the work herself, even men's

According to Ivan Melezh: “Kupalikha.

(...) untied the package with the exhibits, took the portrait and climbed it herself, fat, restless, nailed to the stool.

“Look, girls, will it be good?

Give me a hammer. "

She got off.

I didn't like it, I got up for the second time and interrupted. "

Siarhei Hrahouski noted that she actually built the museum herself: “... I was not mistaken or exaggerated by saying“ built ”.

Yes, built.

She argued with architects and builders, "knocked out" the necessary materials ... She was a foreman and a strict quality controller and inspired builders as best as possible ... "

Mykola Avramchyk

19. She and Constance Buyla were almost trampled by a collective farm bull

According to Mikola Avramchyk's memoirs: “Across the street, in front of the house where Yanka Kupala was born, there was a collective farm yard where a powerful bull was kept on a leash.

One day, as we were passing by, he, like mad, broke free from the chain and rushed at us.

If it weren't for the solid fence, we don't know how our walk would have ended.

"It's your fault," joked Vladislava Francanova.

"It's so powerful, you go, the ground trembles under your feet!"

Ignat Buinitsky

20. In his youth he dreamed of becoming an operetta star

Dreamed of an artistic career.

She had a beautiful voice and danced beautifully.

She was one of the best dancers and singers in the Ignatius Buinitsky Theater.

Her partner was Chaslau Rodevich, with whom, according to rumors, she may have had an affair.


  • Azgur Zair Isakovich.


    Mn., 1962

  • Selected works.


    Mn., 2001

  • Kolas J. Collection of works.

    In 20 vols. T. 18. Letters (1908-1942).

    Mn., 2012

  • Kolas J. Collection of works.

    In 20 vols. T. 19. Letters (1943-1953).

    Mn., 2012

  • Kupala and Kolas, you raised us.

    Book two.


    Mn., 2011

  • Melezh I. Collection of works.

    In 10 vols. T. 9. Mn., 1984

  • Mikulich B. A story for himself.

    Mn., 1993

  • Starzhynskaya Natalia.

    Founder of preschool language didactics in Belarus

  • Faina Vodonosova, a leading researcher of the State

  • Yanka Kupala Literary Museum.

    Continuous burning of life

  • to the 120th anniversary of Vladislav Lutsevich.

    Native word 2011/12

  • Yanka Kupala.

    "I dream about Belarus ...": memoirs, essays, articles, documents.