Pruning is necessary to control growth, define shape, establish flowering / fruiting branches for the following season and, probably most importantly, remove dead, damaged or diseased areas of the plant.

Which plantations need to be cut and what to take into account at the same time, says

According to horticultural expert and legendary host of the BBC's popular Gardening World show, Monty Don, to prune effectively, you need to do it at the right time and follow one rule.

Cutting tools

It is always recommended to use very sharp and clean secateurs, also known as shears, to prune plants.

The most common pruning tool is a pruning shears.

It is arranged like scissors with two cutting blades - thin and thick.

This tool causes minimal damage to the stem and is therefore best suited for cutting live plants as well as lighter tasks such as cutting flowers.

For plants with soft stems, gardeners can use kitchen shears, but again, make sure they are very clean.

What should be avoided is accidental infection of the plant, which can lead to its death.

What should be cut at the beginning of spring

Monty claimed that this month was particularly good for pruning shrubs and curly plants.

The first half of March is the best time to prune any shrubs and curly plants that will bloom on new shoots, especially late-blooming clematis and roses.

The gardening expert said he likes to do this when he starts to see new shoots.

When to start circumcision

Gardeners should not start pruning if February is warm but cold weather is expected, as regrowth after pruning can be stopped by late frosts.

Shrubs such as dogwood or willow can also be pruned heavily to encourage new growth.

The main rule of circumcision

There is only one rule to follow - always cut to something, be it a side shoot or a leaf bud.

At the same time, the expert urged gardeners not to worry about the buds turned outwards or any similar subtleties.

He explained that if you prune to a bud or shoot, strong new growth is stimulated, which in turn will produce many flowers.

In curly plants, such as clematis, pruning is aimed at preventing the flowers from growing higher and higher up the plant with bare bottoms.