Remarks by Dr. Armando Hart Dávalos at the act of remembrance for the 14th anniversary of the uprising of November 30, at the Oriente Theater in the city of Santiago de Cuba.

It is not possible to commemorate a date like this, nor to honour the martyrs, without analysing the significance of those events. And if you ask me, "What is the meaning of November 30?" I can say that I think of two essential aspects. On the one hand, it signified the fighting spirit, the struggle, the willingness to fight at any price, of the youth and the people of Santiago de Cuba and the province of Oriente, and, on the other hand, it signified the most outstanding date of the struggle of the underground in the plains.

That day, for the first time, in the streets of a Cuban city, the olive green uniform of the July 26 Movement was worn. And it was the support of Santiago de Cuba, of the clandestine fighters and of the young revolutionaries of the East, to Fidel's disembarkation on the yacht Granma. But I must highlight what the event itself was and all that those actions meant for the history of the country. Of course, in order to analyze the projection of this historical event, it is necessary to consider the magnitude of the main hero of November 30, comrade Frank País García, who integrated and organized a fairly large group of young people who, after Fidel's release from prison, actively joined the July 26 Movement.

Frank was the born leader of that group of young Orientals, eager to do something to defend the fatherland, with a fierce hatred of tyranny; encouraged by the revolutionary and patriotic traditions of the Mambises and by the revolutionary history of the province of Oriente. I would like to recall an anecdote that reminds us of Frank, so that we can analyze the revolutionary depth of the comrades who fought on November 30 and their decision to be free or martyrs. After the landing of the Granma and when we still had no news of Fidel, in those moments of uncertainty, bitterness, impotence; Frank was optimistic and confident about the future of the Revolution. Because for him, whatever the outcome, the struggle was going to continue. And I emphasize that, when it might seem that everything was over, when at that time there was an insignificant minority who could have faith, I remember that the first thing Frank did was to try to communicate by all means with the Sierra and with the clandestine cells of the Movement and, in the same way, he began to edit bulletins and orientations for the entire Movement. indicating that the struggle would continue with feverish activity and with a passion in which victory was certain.

This, of course, is much easier to understand now; But we have to situate ourselves in those dramatic, sad and heroic days, after the uprising, the days of December 2, 3, 4 and 5, 1956. In which Frank never lacked confidence, he never lacked faith. That shows the mettle and character of this fighter and that is the example we pick up from him. Confidence and faith in victory even in the most difficult and bitter moments of that epic.

Among the great revolutionary virtues of the leader that Frank was, in addition to his mettle and his human sensitivity, was how thorough and careful he was in his work. He always observed all the details and watched over them.

In order to appreciate the depth and depth that the revolutionary struggle acquired in the plains, in the East, in Santiago, in Manzanillo, in Bayamo, it is necessary to take into account some facts that may go unnoticed, but which are the symbol of the depth that the revolutionary struggle had reached in the cities of the East. For example, let's remember when Frank was buried dressed in an olive green uniform, with a Cuban flag and with the whole town paying homage to him. It is easy to say and if we are not careful in the analysis, we may not understand the significance of those events, we must bear in mind that it was the months of July and August 1957. Although unfortunately Batista's tyranny came to harass the revolutionaries in Santiago de Cuba, to the extent that he was able to corner and assassinate Frank, this was never easy for them. Because the cities of Santiago and Oriente in general were ours, the clandestine revolutionary fighters went through them and dozens and dozens of people knew us there and gave us support and protection to save our lives. That is why I can affirm that November 30 symbolizes, on the one hand, the fighting spirit of the youth of Santiago and the support that the people have always given us and, on the other hand, that is the most representative date of the clandestine struggle of the July 26 Movement in the plains.

Frank's character, his temperament and revolutionary vocation, were the true symbol of the underground struggle. And it must be said that in the temperament and sensibility of the underground revolutionary fighters there is the fiber that Frank embodied and there is also a revolutionary vocation and depth in the extreme degree.

It is true that we were not Marxist-Leninists. But there was something very important, the clandestine revolutionary fighters had a patriotic tradition, a revolutionary sensibility and a deep conviction that everything had to be done with the people and that it was the people who could make the Revolution to fight for justice. That is to say, regardless of the depth of the political, social and philosophical ideas that we might have had on the plain; What was important was the deep conviction to fight social injustice, misery and the pain of the people. Bearing in mind that the people are the ones who make the Revolution. Our decision to fight, to fight to the death, in defense of the ideas of social justice, freedom and for the independence of our homeland was also decisive. And with those ideals and objectives we went to every fight, to the fight.

I can affirm that both November 30 and December 2 opened a new stage in the insurrectionary struggle against Batista's tyranny, which we must always remember because it is full of lessons for Cubans. Because the years go by and the new generations arrive, perhaps forgetting what happened. And we must always remember the struggle that was waged against all the barbarity that this represented and the misery, exploitation, shame and discrimination in which the people lived. We have to remember that permanently and not just on a day like this. And those who dedicate themselves to the study and analysis of history will always have to evoke it.

Because, of course, the new generations who did not live in that ignominy, who did not live in that pain and in that bitterness, if they are not remembered and educated in these concepts and ideas, could think that the freedom that our people enjoy today, that the right that our young people have today to study, that the extraordinary possibilities that our new generations have today were easily achieved. And that is why we have to explain to them that these social conquests cost the generous blood of our heroes and martyrs; It also cost the blood of workers, students, peasants and youth; It cost pain and bitterness.

And, of course, this revolutionary generation has also had a privilege. A privilege that, as Fidel has pointed out, did not correspond to previous generations of revolutionaries. The privilege of building the future and the new society. That is a privilege that we revolutionaries and fighters have today. A privilege that the revolutionary generations of '68, '95, '33 did not have, and that hundreds of fighters who fell in the struggle against Batista's tyranny do not have.

The problems facing our people today, the revolutionaries, the combatants, are very different from the problems of the past. These are problems, if you will, that are more complex, more difficult. But we have the glory, the honor, and the chance to face them. They didn't have that glory, that possibility. Yes, they had the glory of contributing with their generous blood so that today we have the possibility of building the future. And I think that the tribute to them cannot only be in words. The true homage to our martyrs, to those of 30 November, to those of 2 December, to those of 26 July, to those of all the glorious dates of our history; The true tribute to those heroes, to those martyrs and to those dates, lies in our ability to face together the great tasks that lie ahead. Remembrance is just, it is necessary and it is useful, but it will be even more so, to the extent that it helps us and strengthens us even more to continue in the tasks that they started.

It is true that the great problems of today are perhaps more complex than those of yesterday. And just as revolutionaries and the people had to confront tyranny, social injustice, imperialist penetration, today we have to confront imperialist threats and the tasks of our own development. But on a sacred date like this, in the face of the immortal memory of our heroes and martyrs, we must commit ourselves to work and defend the homeland with the same passion as those who fought for freedom, at the price of their precious lives.