Although the Third Plenary Session of the 11 th CPC Central Committee has not yet been decided, in the past few days, both the leaders' speeches and policy aspects have been constantly releasing signals for further all-round opening up. In terms of policy, on November 24, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced the trial expansion of the scope of unilateral visa-free countries, and the trial implementation of unilateral visa-free policies for ordinary passport holders from six countries: France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and Malaysia. On November 6, eight departments, including the People's Bank of China, the State Administration of Financial Regulation, the China Securities Regulatory Commission, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, and the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, jointly issued the "Notice on Strengthening Financial Support Measures to Help the Development and Growth of the Private Economy", proposing 11 specific measures to support the private economy, which is also another measure to boost the private economy after Article 27.
In terms of leaders, Xi Jinping is reported to have stayed in Shanghai for three days this week, visiting the Shanghai Futures Exchange and several technology companies, and it is predicted that he will encourage local officials to increase market opening to promote cross-border trade and capital flows. At the same time, Premier Li Qiang attended the opening ceremony of the first China International Supply Chain Promotion Expo and the Global Supply Chain Innovation and Development Forum in Beijing.
On March 3, the first session of the 11th National People's Congress held the fourth plenary session in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, and decided that Li Qiang would be the premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China after voting according to the nomination of President Xi Jinping. The picture shows Xi Jinping shaking hands with Li Qiang. (China News Service)
The reason why people have high hopes for the upcoming Third Plenary Session of the 1978 th CPC Central Committee is, on the one hand, that the objective situation has reached a critical juncture where it is necessary to intensify reform and opening up, and on the other hand, the previous Third Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee has indeed undertaken the task of reversing the situation and building consensus at a turning point in history. For example, the Third Plenary Session of the 2013 th CPC Central Committee held in <> not only broke through the long-standing "leftist" mistakes and serious shackles and completely repudiated the erroneous policy of "two whatevers," but also re-established the ideological line of seeking truth from facts, shifted the focus of the whole party's work from "taking class struggle as the key link" to "taking economic construction as the center," and laid the general tone for China's reform and opening up. The Third Plenum of the <>th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) held in <> was also "epoch-making", and the state media equated its importance with that of the Third Plenum of the <>th CPC Central Committee at a turning point in history. (For more content, please refer to "Reform and Restart|Why is the Third Plenary Session of the <>th Central Committee "epoch-making"?) 》）
From the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee to the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the reason why these two plenary sessions are "epoch-making" is not only related to the package of reform measures proposed by the plenary session, but more importantly, the conceptual breakthrough and the social consensus condensed on the basis of it, so as to avoid continuous internal friction and waste of time due to unnecessary disputes. Nowadays, in the face of internal and external changes, especially after three years of the epidemic, the basic consensus formed since the reform and opening up is also shaking, so it is urgent to emancipate the mind again, seek truth from facts, unite and look forward.
The Third Plenary Session of the 2013th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) held in November 11 repeatedly emphasized the importance of reform. (VCG)
Reform is never easy. Looking back at the reform and opening up launched in 1978 and the Southern Speech in 1992, China was indeed set the nail on the sea at a historical juncture. Untying the shackles of thought and breaking the myth of surnames and societies was difficult for China at that time. In the early days of reform and opening up, Deng Xiaoping launched a great debate on the question of the criterion of truth, and although a consensus was soon formed at the social level that "practice is the only criterion for testing truth", this fragile consensus soon began to loosen after the failure of various attempts in the <>s, and the ideological level fell into great confusion again.
At that time, many articles criticizing reform, opening up, and the market economy appeared, criticizing the "market orientation" of the reform as the "capitalist orientation", criticizing "marketization" as "the main content of bourgeois liberalization", criticizing the joint-stock system as a capitalist form of enterprise organization, and criticizing "the state regulating the market and the market guiding enterprises" for violating the principle of socialist planned economy. In short, in the face of any level of reform, we must first ask the surname of the company. Such criticism and questioning are not only from the academic community and a small number of people.
It was against this background that Deng Xiaoping, as an ordinary party member, had no choice but to embark on his secret southern tour, inspecting Wuchang, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shanghai, and other places along the way, and making many shocking and impactful speeches.
On January 1992, 1, Deng Xiaoping spoke with local officials while passing through Wuchang, Hubei Province, on his southern tour. (Xinhua News Agency)
For example, when it came to the vacillation on the issue of reform, Deng Xiaoping made it clear that "the basic line must be managed for a hundred years, and it must not be shaken" -- "Failure to uphold socialism, reform and opening up, economic development, and improvement of the people's living standards can only lead to a dead end." The basic line must be managed for 100 years, and it must not be shaken. Only by adhering to this line will the people believe in you and support you, and whoever wants to change the line, principles, and policies since the Third Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee, and the people do not agree, will be defeated." "The basic policy of urban and rural reform must remain stable for a long time. Of course, with the development of practice, the perfection should be perfected, and the patching should be repaired, but the general should be unswerving. Even if there is no new idea, it is okay, just don't change it, don't make people feel that the policy has changed. With this, there is a lot of hope for China."
Another example is the controversy over the issue of surnames, capital, and social surnames, Deng Xiaoping made it clear that the criterion should be "three advantages" - "reform and opening up cannot take a step, dare not break through, to put it simply, I am afraid that there are too many capitalist things, and we have taken the capitalist road." The key issue is the surname 'capital' or the surname 'she'. The criterion for judging should be mainly whether it is conducive to the development of the productive forces of socialist society, whether it is conducive to enhancing the comprehensive national strength of a socialist country, and whether it is conducive to improving the people's living standards. From the very beginning, there were different opinions on the establishment of the special zone, and they were worried about whether or not they would engage in capitalism. Shenzhen's construction achievements have clearly answered those who have worries of one kind or another. The surname of the SAR is 'She', not 'capital'."
"A little more planning or a little more market is not the essential difference between socialism and capitalism. A planned economy is not the same as socialism, capitalism also has a plan; The market economy is not the same as capitalism, socialism also has a market, and planning and the market are both economic means. The essence of socialism is to emancipate the productive forces, develop the productive forces, eliminate exploitation, eliminate polarization, and ultimately achieve common prosperity. I want to tell you this truth. Securities, stock markets, whether these things are good or not, whether they are dangerous, whether they are unique to capitalism, and whether socialism can be used?"
In January 1992, Deng Xiaoping toured the south in Shenzhen, marking the beginning of the second wave of China's reform and opening up. (China News Service)
As for the "left" and the conservative forces in the party, Deng Xiaoping put forward the thesis that "China should be wary of the right, but mainly to prevent the 'left'" - "At present, there are things on the right that affect us, and there are things on the 'left' that affect us, but it is still the 'left' that is deeply rooted. Some theorists and politicians use big hats to scare people not on the right, but on the 'left'. "Left" has revolutionary overtones, as if the more "left" it is, the more revolutionary it is, and the "left" thing is terrible in the history of our party! A good thing, he got rid of it all at once. The right can bury socialism, and the 'left' can bury socialism. China should be wary of the right, but mainly to guard against the 'left'. There is something right, and turmoil is right! There are also "left" things. To describe reform and opening up as the introduction and development of capitalism, and to believe that the main danger to peaceful evolution comes from the economic sphere, these are the 'lefts'. We have to keep a clear head so that we don't make big mistakes and that problems can be easily corrected and corrected."
In addition, in response to the internal and external environment in which China was located at that time, Deng Xiaoping further emphasized that "development is the last word", emphasized the importance of science and technology and education, and paid attention to the cultivation of successors, and pointed out that in order for socialism to win an advantage over capitalism, "it is necessary to boldly absorb and learn from all the achievements of civilization created by human society, and to absorb and learn from all the advanced management methods and management methods that reflect the laws of modern socialized production in all countries in the world, including the developed capitalist countries."
It may be difficult for latecomers to understand why Deng Xiaoping's southern speech was like a spring thunderstorm that quickly set off a huge wave in China, but for China, which was confused and wandering at that time, it was like casting a needle in the sea, which not only gave the whole country a sense of direction and purpose, but also slowly opened up the shackles of individual ideology.
On October 2018, 10, Xi Jinping visited the Shenzhen Reform and Opening-up Museum. (Xinhua News Agency)
The late writer Chen Zhongzhong once told about the shock and change of the Southern Speech on himself - in 1992, Chen Zhongzhong suddenly heard the news of Deng Xiaoping's Southern Speech on the radio, and almost at that moment decided to publish the manuscript "White Deer Plain" that he had been writing for four years. "I still remember two of them, 'The mind should be emancipated a little more' and 'Be bolder'. There was a feeling of being struck in my heart, and I couldn't hold back the desire to cheer, and my sensitivity to these two quotations, and their immeasurable significance, was almost immediate."
After Deng Xiaoping's southern tour, the 30 th National Congress of the Communist Party of China established the socialist market economic system, and it is precisely because of the basic line and road set by the Southern Speech that China has achieved the enhancement of its comprehensive national strength and rapid economic development in the past <> years or so, and has grown into the world's second largest economy after the United States. Of course, we have to admit that in this process, many problems have also arisen and many contradictions have accumulated, and measures such as preventing the disorderly expansion of capital, promoting common prosperity, putting power in a cage, fighting corruption, and building ecological civilization are also solving these remaining problems and contradictions.
Today, under the dual pressure of the impact of the epidemic and the economic downturn, and coinciding with the great changes in the world that have not been seen in a century, Deng Xiaoping was able to emancipate his mind and look forward in unity. In addition, today's China is different from the Deng era, which can be quiet, can make a lot of money, and can have a certain amount of room for trial and error, and the internal and external challenges facing China today determine the need for more precise policies, and a more modern governance system and governance capacity, in order to rebuild social consensus and push China to another level. It is worth paying attention to whether the Third Plenary Session of the 20th CPC Central Committee can become a plenary session at a turning point in history.
Why is the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee "epoch-making"? The Third Plenary Session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has not been held for a long time, or whether it involves major reform measures and personnel, whether Peking University and Tsinghua University can open the door is more significant than unilateral opening to the outside world, Xi Jinping told the truth, the five characteristics of the Belt and Road Initiative, and injected unprecedented new elements into regional construction - experts have something to say