Warning about death figures among young people in the U.S. 1:52
(CNN) -- More people died by suicide in the United States last year than in any year since at least 1941, according to provisional data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
At least 2022,49 lives were lost to intentional self-harm in 449, more than 14 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.
Men were about four times more likely than women to die by suicide, and rates were higher among older men. But the suicide rate doubled among women in 2022, with especially significant increases among white women and those between the ages of 25 and 34.
Suicide rates have risen in the U.S. in recent decades. In 2021, the U.S. surgeon general called for the implementation of a national prevention strategy and issued an advisory focused on protecting young people's mental health amid an uptick in suicide rates and "alarming increases" in mental health problems among young people.
- Suicide rates in the U.S. are highest among older men, and most involve firearms, according to a CDC report
Despite the overall increase, interim data for 2022 show signs of improvement in rates among children and teens. The suicide rate among children aged 10 to 14 dropped by 18% in 2022, to about 2 deaths per 100,000 children, and the rate among people aged 15 to 24 dropped by 9%, to about 14 deaths per 100,000 people.
Adolescent boys and young men experienced a more significant improvement in suicide rates than young women. But the vast majority of suicide deaths among teens and young adults ages 15 to 24 were still boys, provisional data show.
Rates for all other age groups increased, according to provisional data. Overall age-adjusted rates remained higher among American Indians, with about 27 suicide deaths per 100,000 people. Rates among whites were also higher than average, with about 18 deaths per 100,000 people.
- Gun Homicides and Suicides in U.S. Children and Teens Hit Record Numbers
More than half of suicides involve firearms, and a separate analysis of provisional CDC data by the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Solutions found that gun suicides hit a record high in 2022.
"Gun suicides continue to claim the lives of older white men at high rates and, increasingly, that of black teens," Ari Davis, the center's policy adviser, said in the analysis.
"If we can put time and space between this lethal method and someone in crisis, it can save lives," he told CNN.
In the summer of 2022, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration implemented the 988 helpline as part of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline's transition to a broader approach and simpler dialing code. Since then, 988 has received about 7 million calls, texts and chats, more than 500,000 of which occurred in September alone, according to federal data.
But some survey data suggests that many adults in the U.S. don't know that they can call, text or chat online to 988 to connect with licensed counselors trained to de-escalate a crisis, provide emotional support, or connect them with additional mental health resources, and that more training and resources could help the lifeline better support people in need.
How to Get Help for Someone Who Might Commit Suicide
Call1-800-273-8255 or text "talk" to 741741 or 988 in theUnited States to reach the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline. It provides free and confidential assistance 24 hours a day, seven days a week, for people in suicidal or distressed crises. You can also call 1-800-273-8255 to talk to someone about how you can help someone in crisis. Call 1-866-488-7386 for TrevorLifeline, a suicide prevention counseling service for the LGBTQ community.
For assistance outside the U.S., theInternational Association for Suicide Preventionprovides a global directory of resources and international hotlines. You can also turn toBefrienders Worldwide. You can find more information here.