The meeting, which included the ten members of the committee (5 Algerians and 5 French), took place Wednesday and Thursday in Constantine in the east of the country, the hometown of historian Benjamin Stora, chairman of the committee on the French side.

In the "looted property" section, Algerian television confirmed that the members of the committee agreed to "recover all property symbolizing the sovereignty of the state belonging to Emir Abdelkader, resistance leaders and the remaining skulls, and to continue to identify the remains dating back to the nineteenth century".

Emir Abdelkader Ibn Muhyiddin (1808-1883) is seen by Algerians as the founder of the modern state and the hero of the resistance against French colonialism.

In 2020, France handed over the remains of 24 resistance fighters killed at the beginning of the 132-year French colonization of Algeria between 1830 and 1962.

But Algeria has been demanding the return of "skulls in museums" for reburial.

In the archive file, the source confirmed that "it was agreed to hand over 2 million digitized documents of the colonial period" in addition to "29 rolls and 13 records, which constitutes 5 linear meters of the remaining archive of the Ottoman period," that is, from the beginning of the sixteenth century until French colonialism.

In the academic field, the members of the committee agreed to "continue to carry out a joint bibliography of research and printed and manuscript sources on the 19th century, and to implement a program of exchange and scientific cooperation that includes Algerian student and research missions to France and French to Algeria to access the archives."

The formation of the committee was announced during Macron's visit and meeting with his Algerian counterpart Abdelmadjid Tebboune in August 2022, and its mission is to "look together at that historical period" from the beginning of colonialism until the end of the war of independence.

On the Algerian side, the commission includes five historians: Lahcen Zghidi, Mohamed El Korso, Djamel Yahyaoui, Abdelaziz Filali and Edir Hachi.

On the French side, it includes the historian Benjamin Stura, with the membership of historians Florence Audovitz, Jacques Frémaux, Jean-Jacques Jordi and Tramore Kimonour.

The joint committee has already held two meetings, the first via video conference in April and the second in Paris in June.