On September 9, Huawei held a new product launch conference in the autumn to launch new products. This is a high-profile new product launch event, which is seen by many as Huawei's Jedi response to severe US sanctions, reflecting that after several years of hard work, China's domestic component technology represented by chips has made a certain degree of progress. I don't know if it was a coincidence or intentional, two years ago today, it was the day Meng Wanzhou returned to China, and on that day, the national mood in mainland society reached a climax rarely seen in many years. In recent years, under the internal and external situation, Huawei's fate of being suppressed and sanctioned has long become a microcosm of the Sino-US game, and Huawei's comeback under adversity has made many people feel very excited.
Huawei's much-discussed flagship new product this time is the Mate 60 Pro. This is Huawei's first 5G mobile phone launched after being sanctioned by the United States, and it is the world's first mass smartphone that supports satellite calls. As a world-class enterprise in the field of 5G communications, Huawei launched 2019G mobile phones as early as 5 and was the world's second largest smartphone manufacturer after Samsung. But the good times did not last long, under the United States multiple rounds of severe sanctions, Huawei quickly fell into the lack of high-end chip supply dilemma, later released new mobile phone products can only access 4G network, Huawei's advantage in the global mobile phone market is lost, until August 8 this year Mate 29 Pro on Huawei official website in advance of sale, away from the 60G mobile phone market two or three years Huawei re-emerged. Looking back at Huawei's experience now, there are at least three things worth considering.
First, Huawei's sanctioned fate reflects that the global market and free trade are subject to the game between sovereign countries, and Huawei's turnaround in adversity is a powerful response to US sanctions.
Until a world government is established, sovereign states will long be the basic competitive units in the world order. Because of the finite resources of the earth and the different positions of different countries and enterprises in global competition, it is inevitable that the global market and free trade will be divided or blocked by the game between sovereign countries. The global market and free trade conform to the general direction of economic law and the development of human society, but as long as the world order with the state as the basic unit of competition remains unchanged, the process of global market and free trade is bound to lag a considerable degree from the expectations of those who yearn for the global market and free trade. Whether it is trade protectionism in the history of the United States, trade frictions between the United States and Japan, or trade frictions between India and China and the United States, as the "graveyard of foreign enterprises", in fact, they have repeatedly confirmed the practical difficulties faced by the global market and free trade.
Since the Sino-US trade war, US sanctions against Chinese companies and individuals have become more frequent. (Visual China)
Before being sanctioned by the United States, Huawei developed all the way, from a former little-known enterprise to the world's number one enterprise in the field of 5G communications. Huawei's rapid progress in the field of mobile phones has attracted particular attention, even reaching a level that can compete with Apple's mobile phones. However, because of US sanctions, Huawei suffered a heavy blow, and Apple became the biggest winner of Huawei's decline in the high-end mobile phone market. Now, Huawei's comeback with the Mate 60 Pro is a powerful response to the U.S. government's disruption of global markets, free trade and containment of China's high technology. As the world's largest power, the United States used the power of the government to launch a containment of an enterprise, but failed, reflecting the resilience of Huawei and the Chinese economy and industrial chain behind it.
Second, Huawei has forcefully countered those who have false suspicions and belittled Huawei with practical actions.
Over the years, when Huawei was growing up, there was no shortage of criticisms of Huawei, some of which were reasonable, and some of which were full of prejudices and myths. Since the Sino-US trade friction and Huawei's sanctions, public opinion can often see all kinds of speculations, attacks and rumors about Huawei beyond the reasonable range. For example, as soon as Huawei launched the Mate 60 Pro, you can immediately see some people in the public opinion field claiming in a clear tone that "Huawei is making money" and "Huawei uses 4G to act as 5G". As long as it is possible, even if it is a rumor, you can always see that there are a group of people in the public opinion field who are not afraid to speculate about Huawei with the greatest malice.
But if the target of public opinion is Apple, those who have no suspicion and belittle Huawei will immediately try to defend Apple. Why is that? This is actually a kind of binary opposition, either/or underlying thinking. Those who have no suspicion and belittle Huawei, just like those who have false suspicion and belittle Apple (such as those who recently accused Apple customer service staff of insulting China), although the objects they suspect and belittle are different, but in essence they all share the underlying thinking of binary opposition and either/or.
Whether it is Huawei or Apple, of course, they can be questioned and criticized, but any doubt and criticism should be in line with facts and logic. For Huawei and Apple, after all, the product theory can be high, not overwhelmed by binary opposition, either/or prejudice. According to the disassembly report released by TechInsights, a world-renowned semiconductor industry observation organization, Mate 60 Pro uses SMIC's most advanced 7nm chip technology. Dan Hutcheson, vice chairman of TechInsights, said this shows that SMIC's technological progress is accelerating and appears to have solved the problems affecting production in 7-nanometer chip technology. Whether this is the case, let the market test.
It is worth noting that in 2022, Huawei's R&D investment reached 1615.25 billion yuan, accounting for 1.9773% of the annual revenue, and the cumulative R&D expenditure in ten years exceeded <>.<> billion yuan. This shows that Huawei is really using real money to carry out technical research, and this alone is better than many enterprises.
On February 2022, 2, people visited Huawei's exhibition area at Mobile World Congress 28 in Barcelona, Spain. (Xinhua News Agency)
Third, Huawei's predicament is still there, and there is still a fairly obvious technological gap between China and the United States, and the road ahead is full of challenges.
Although many people are excited about Huawei's comeback, it cannot but be noted that the difficulties and challenges on the future path of Huawei and China make Huawei and China only sober and rational at all times, and cannot be complacent. Huawei currently uses 7-nanometer chip technology, which is still significantly different from the 15-nanometer chip technology used by Apple's iPhone 3. In the words of Hutcherson, vice chairman of TechInsights, Huawei's biggest challenge at present is "the need to compete with companies that use 7nm with 3nm chips", "If you count the existing 2nm chips, the gap is 5 years." Therefore, Huawei still needs to continue its efforts to realize the next generation of products."
Since the reform and opening up, China's scientific and technological progress has been very huge and obvious, countless Chinese have benefited from scientific and technological progress, but it cannot be admitted that compared with the world-class level and compared with the United States, China's scientific and technological development still faces many challenges. Especially under the situation of bureaucracy and formalism at home and high-tech containment by the United States outside, can China stimulate the vitality and creativity of the whole society in the current era when science and technology are the primary productive forces, so that scientific and technological workers can make the best use of their talents in a fair and relaxed environment, which directly affects the outcome of the Sino-US game and whether the vast number of Chinese can live a better life. Of course, seeking international cooperation under the best possible conditions is still the direction of efforts, but comprehensively improving the level of economic and scientific and technological development is a realistic choice.
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