According to the latest information, the deal authorized by US President Joe Biden was made despite the objections of many Republican deputies and senators, who considered that the deal is in Tehran's interest, and contributes to financing its war effort that threatens the Middle East and American interests.

First: The need for US President Joe Biden, who plans to run for a second term in the fall of next year, to accumulate as many internal and external achievements as he can at a time when there are doubts at the American political level and public opinion about his eligibility to assume the position at the age of more than eighty.

Second: Washington, after losing hope in pushing Tehran to return to compliance with the 2015 nuclear agreement, wants to practice a policy of carrot and stick by mobilizing forces and highlighting their "teeth" and readiness to fight in the Middle East, and at the same time waving to Tehran gains, especially financial, in return for calm in the region, and not militarizing its nuclear program to the extent of producing a nuclear bomb, knowing that the funds from which the US embargo will be lifted will be used at least officially to purchase medicines and foodstuffs in accordance with the controls set by Washington in order not to reach Iran's military and security establishment.

Third: Washington sends signals to the region that it keeps its options always open to suit its interests, and that deals with Iran do not cancel the reality of the ongoing conflict in the region between the two parties, at a time when Washington is raising its military readiness in the region, especially around Iraq and Syria, it achieves deals with the Iranians directly as the current deal, or through Tehran's regional proxies (Hezbollah) such as the Lebanese-Israeli maritime border demarcation deal that took place in the summer of 2022 for clear oil goals that serve both Israel and " Hezbollah."

Fourth, ironically, Tehran wanted to send signals inside and outside that its government, which emanates from the radical fundamentalist current, has enough "pragmatism" to produce more compromises with adversaries than the reformist governments that the West tends to deal with.

Fifth: In conclusion, and with all of the above, the recent deal does not represent a permanent guarantee of non-collision between Washington and Tehran, especially since the latter raises in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon the slogan of removing the Americans from the region, while the former is raising the slogan of cutting the "Shiite crescent" through the corridor at the Iraqi-Syrian border to dry up Iranian supplies to its proxies in Syria and Lebanon.

Sixth: The Iranian nuclear file remains stuck, oscillating between Tehran's serious violations in terms of obstructing the mission of the inspectors of the International Atomic Energy Agency, raising the level of uranium enrichment to a purity of more than 60 percent, close to the level of militarization of the program (90 percent), and the confusion that the Americans and Israelis have about methods of response in the event that Tehran decides to produce its first bomb, amid the estimates of most Western capitals that Iran is capable of producing more than 10 nuclear warheads. Within a few months.

In any case, the recent deal between Washington and Tehran is part of a steady process of servitude during President Joe Biden's term, but if former President Donald Trump returns to the White House after the November 2024 elections or another Republican president arrives, the scene may change completely.