After adjusting the epidemic prevention policy, all-out economic struggle has become a keyword that frequently appears in China's public opinion field.
On June 6, Premier Li Qiang presided over the executive meeting of the State Council to listen to the progress of optimizing the business environment and the next key measures, and study policies and measures to promote the high-quality development of the new energy vehicle industry. When talking about the current economic situation in China, Li Qiang said frankly that since the beginning of this year, China's economic operation has made a good start, but the foundation of economic recovery is not yet stable, and it is necessary to put the creation of a market-oriented, rule-of-law, and international business environment in an important position, further stabilize social expectations, boost development confidence, stimulate market vitality, and promote the sustained recovery of economic movement."
In addition, Li Qiang also mentioned two directions of efforts: one is to adhere to the problem-oriented, focus on the prominent problems reflected by enterprises, start from the actual needs of enterprises, and accelerate the introduction of highly targeted and high-content policy measures in batches in terms of relaxing market access, promoting fair competition, protecting intellectual property rights, and building a unified market, and effectively enhance the effectiveness of policies by deepening the reform of key areas of the business environment. The second is to focus on strengthening the sense of service, increase the implementation of policies, break through the blocking points of policy implementation, ensure that policies are implemented, and let enterprises have more tangible sense of gain.
On the afternoon of April 4, the State Council held the first special study with the theme of complete, accurate and comprehensive implementation of the new development concept and firmly grasp the primary task of high-quality development. Premier Li Qiang presided over the study. (Xinhua News Agency)
Specific to new energy vehicles, Li Qiang said that new energy vehicles are the main direction of the transformation and upgrading of the automobile industry, and the development space is very broad. A week ago, Tesla founder and president Elon Musk visited China, although public information shows that he did not meet with Li Qiang, but Musk's past with Li Qiang, through Musk's trip to China, has become a hot topic of public opinion. During his tenure in Shanghai, Li Qiang promoted the landing of Tesla's Gigafactory in Shanghai with the low profile of "shop Xiao Er". In April this year, Tesla announced that it would invest in the construction of a super energy storage factory in Shanghai for the production of large-scale commercial energy storage battery Mega Pack. The energy storage plant is scheduled to start construction in the third quarter of this year and put into operation in the second quarter of 4.
If the expectations of the top management for China's economy are "mixed", then the "worry" of the general public is obviously far greater than the "joy". On the one hand, there is the unusually high unemployment rate. Data show that the national urban survey unemployment rate in April was 4.5%, down 2.0 percentage points from the previous month, and the unemployment rate for 1-16 years old was 24.20%, an increase of 4.0 percentage points from the previous month. In 8, the number of college graduates nationwide is expected to reach 2023.1158 million, an increase of 82,<> year-on-year, and the follow-up employment pressure is still relatively large.
According to the article "How many young people are unemployed" published by the public account of "Caijing", a total of about 5400 million new young people have been unemployed since the epidemic, although the article said that "it is not ruled out that a considerable number of them have found jobs again after a period of time, or achieved re-employment through flexible forms of employment", but combined with people's actual feelings, youth unemployment has become an increasingly urgent problem, and unemployment figures are just a concrete manifestation of people's pessimistic expectations.
The high unemployment rate among young people in the mainland has aroused concern. (China News Agency)
On the other hand, the lack of consumption and investment caused by pessimistic expectations is becoming the new normal. The data shows that the economic data from April to May fell sharply, residents did not dare to consume, preventive savings, enterprises did not dare to invest, private investment from January to April was only 4.5%, lagging behind the overall investment growth rate by 1.4 percentage points.
So the question is: on the one hand, the confidence and determination of the decision-making level to "fight the economy with all their might", on the other hand, the people and enterprises dare not consume and invest, what is the problem? Or more accurately, what is the key to fighting the economy at all?
In the face of the downturn in private investment, Yang Weimin, vice chairman of the China Center for International Economic Exchanges, summarized seven major problems that lead to the instability of private economic expectations at the 6th National Young Entrepreneurs Summit held on June 5, combined with the survey on 100 problems faced by private enterprises once done by the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference: First, hidden barriers such as inaccessible camps and triple gates still exist in terms of market access; Second, there are many types of fees charged by enterprises, and financial institutions provide insufficient services to private enterprises; Third, the financing environment; Fourth, arrears; Fifth, there are too many supervision and inspections; Sixth, in terms of policy convergence, there are new and old policies, interdepartmental policies are not connected, and the implementation of policies is one-size-fits-all, all shutdowns, all production stops, and first stop and then talk; Seventh, the protection of property rights, there are still cases of infringing on the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises and entrepreneurs.
Sun Liping, a professor in the Department of Sociology at Tsinghua University, gave a more direct question: Fight the economy? How to spell? Can it be solved at any cost? Sun Liping combined the situation in the early days of reform and opening up to warn the current upsurge of "all-out economic struggle": the more such a time, the more you can't rush to the doctor, the more you must not do it recklessly. "Whenever I see some places shouting slogans such as fighting the economy and daring to take the lead at all costs, it always makes people feel a little uneasy. Where is the unease? The lessons of many years tell us that in the face of economic laws, we must have a sense of awe. Shouting, bluffing, talking big, ruthless, and extreme things are not only useless, but often backfire. Loud and loud, when things are solved in unconventional ways, they resort to war thinking and use exercise to deal with it, which is often half the effort, or even endless troubles."
Sun Liping, professor of sociology, Tsinghua University. (Online image)
"Now people are often saying one word, anticipation. Arguably, this is a real sticking point. What to expect? It is a feeling and reaction to the external environment, a certain imagination of the future. Why do many people cut back on food and clothing and reduce consumption? Why are some entrepreneurs who really want to do things reluctant to plan and invest for the long term? It's because of the unsteadiness of the heart. Therefore, to get out of the weak economy, the key is to create a business environment that makes people feel at ease and create a solid living environment. How can such an environment be created? Normality, peace, stability, clarity and flexibility are all indispensable elements." Sun Liping wrote at the end.
Fang Ning, former director of the Institute of Political Science of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, previously pointed out in an exclusive interview with "Hong Kong 01" that successful latecomer countries in Asia, including Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Indonesia, and Vietnam, all have a basic strategy, that is, to open up resources to society, expand social freedom, and give people rights, of course, mainly economic and social rights. This creates an economic expectation for the whole society, coupled with open markets, allowing free movement, free movement, and deregulation. At this time, the enthusiasm, initiative and creativity of the whole society are mobilized. Of course, Asian countries have different statements, and the same is the internal mechanism. In addition, Fang Ning also mentioned Yiwu's famous "four permits" many times: allowing farmers to do business, allowing long-distance trafficking, allowing urban and rural markets, and allowing multi-channel competition. The "four permits" are also the key to Yiwu's standing out.
Coincidentally, Li Qiang, a 64-year-old native of Ruian, Zhejiang Province, has long served in Zhejiang, where from 2002 to 2003 Li served as party secretary of Wenzhou, China's highly developed private economy. In media interviews and public speeches, Li Qiang also talked many times about Wenzhou's business-heavy culture, as well as Zhejiang's grassroots economy, entrepreneurial culture and openness and integrity. Judging from his latest standing committee that optimizes the business environment and boosts confidence in development, Li Qiang clearly understands the key to "fighting the economy with all your strength". Next, it depends on how to do a good "construction team".
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