According to doctors, the causes of male infertility can be divided into hormonal imbalances that regulate spermatogenesis, problems with testicular spermatogenesis, and related diseases that cannot conceive normally after sperm production; schematic diagram.
(picture taken from shutterstock)
[Health Channel/Comprehensive Report] According to global statistics, about 15% of couples have infertility problems.
Li Zhiqiao, attending physician of the Department of Urology at Mackay Memorial Hospital, said that the causes of male infertility can be divided into hormonal imbalances that regulate spermatogenesis, problems with testicular spermatogenesis, and related diseases that cannot conceive normally after sperm production.
If you want to increase the quality of sperm, it is recommended to stay away from high temperature, avoid smoking and alcohol, and supplement foods containing zinc or vitamin A and B, which can increase the motility of sperm.
Li Zhiqiao pointed out in his Facebook fan page "Urology Clinic Doctor Li Zhiqiao" and his personal website that infertility is defined as infertility when a couple fails to achieve natural pregnancy for more than one year under normal frequency sexual behavior without contraception. disease.
According to global statistics, about 15% of couples have infertility problems, and in all infertility cases, the probability of finding problems in the male reproductive system is as high as 50%.
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3 causes of male infertility
He pointed out that the causes of male infertility can be divided into three categories, which are related diseases related to the imbalance of hormone secretion that regulates spermatogenesis, related diseases related to problems with the spermatogenesis function of the testis itself, and related diseases related to the inability to conceive normally after sperm production.
●Diseases related to hormone secretion disorders that regulate spermatogenesis: Abnormal hypothalamus, abnormal pituitary gland, excessive female hormones, excessive male hormones, too high or too low thyroxine: no matter whether it is too high or too low, it will affect the spermatogenesis function.
Diseases related to problems with the spermatogenesis function of the testis itself: lack of natural spermatogenesis function of the testis, damage to the spermatogenesis function by external toxic substances, abnormal testicular function caused by internal diseases, poor male hormone function, testicular damage, cryptorchidism, spermatic vein varicose.
It is also very common that no cause can be found.
●Diseases related to inability to conceive normally after sperm production: blocked or abnormal ejaculatory passage, insufficient sperm function or motility, sexual intercourse abnormalities such as erectile dysfunction, hypospadias, or low frequency of sexual intercourse.
Li Zhiqiao said that according to research, smoking may reduce the number of sperm and destroy the normal shape of sperm, and even damage the sperm gene, which may cause infertility.
Alcohol may also affect the synthesis of testosterone and cause abnormal spermatogenesis.
In addition, men with infertility problems have a relatively high rate of testicular cancer in the future. The reason is unknown, and it may be related to a common gene mutation, which requires special attention.
Li Zhiqiao appealed that if you want to increase the quality of sperm or reduce the damage of sperm, you can try the following 8 tricks:
●Keep away from high temperature: High temperature will affect the fine-making function.
So don't take too much hot springs, soak in the bath, wear too stuffy pants or work in a high temperature environment for a long time.
●Keep away from tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana: These substances will reduce the quality of sperm through different mechanisms.
●Keep away from all kinds of external pollution: Many chemicals, pesticides, radiation and even perfume will reduce the quality of sperm through different mechanisms.
●Stay away from obesity: Obesity will make the concentration of male and female hormones in the body unbalanced, thereby reducing the function of spermatogenesis.
●Stay away from stress: Excessive stress will cause hormonal imbalance in the body and affect spermatogenesis.
●Pay attention to drugs and chronic diseases: Chemotherapy, electrotherapy and many medical drugs will reduce the function of spermatogenesis.
Diabetes, liver disease, kidney failure, thyroid disease, heart disease, sickle cell anemia, etc. will all cause male infertility through different mechanisms.
●Regular sex life: Normal and regular ejaculation can regularly replace sperm and clear the ejaculation channel, which is conducive to the health of sperm.
Increasing the frequency of sexual activity can also significantly increase pregnancy rates.
●Intake more specific foods or nutrients: foods containing zinc or vitamins A and B can increase the motility of sperm.
Taking some antioxidants, such as vitamin E or fish oil, can also increase the quality of sperm and the rate of conception.
Li Zhiqiao reminded that whether it is traditional Chinese medicine, western medicine, food or supplements, even if it can really increase the number and motility of sperm, it does not guarantee that it can increase the ability to conceive.
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