If insomnia bothers a person for a long time, it leads to serious health problems.
APA reports that this was stated by therapist Gunay Ismayilova, an expert of the Ministry of Health.
According to him, neurotic disturbances (tension, phobia, panic attacks, depression, etc.) arise, the risk of memory loss, neurodegenerative diseases (for example, Alzheimer's disease), cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, immune system dysfunction, hormonal imbalance increases. :
"Sleep is a natural biological process necessary for the recovery of the body.
A healthy person should sleep 7-8 hours a day on average.
Normally sleep should be at night.
Ideally, a person should go to bed between 22:00 and 23:00 and fall asleep within 3-5 minutes.
This is the most optimal time for healthy sleep.
At this time, the level of cortisol, the stress hormone, decreases, while melatonin (the sleep hormone), on the contrary, begins to rise.
Note that insomnia can be short-term (acute insomnia) or long-term (chronic insomnia).
Acute insomnia is usually caused by stress and can last from a few days to a few weeks.
However, some people may experience chronic insomnia lasting a month or more.
The most common groups of patients who complain of insomnia are: people over 60 years old, scientific workers and those engaged in creative professions, those who work at night, who are often forced to change the climate and geographical location, people with mental disorders and other chronic diseases.
Drug treatment of insomnia must be prescribed by a doctor, because some drugs can cause unwanted side effects.
For example, intoxication can lead to damage to internal organs and systems."
The doctor noted that the causes of insomnia include depression, chronic stress, emotional anxiety, tension, external factors that interfere with sleep (noise, light, hot air), restless leg syndrome;
very severe physical fatigue;
long-term pain, arrhythmias, hormonal disorders, drug exposure, alcohol and nicotine use, energy drinks, breathing disorders due to nasal septum curvature or polyps, certain medications (such as medications used to treat depression, high blood pressure, or asthma) , including changes in sleep patterns (for example, working night shifts).