American research supports the recommendation of the American Academy of Pediatrics that children under the age of 18 months should not be encouraged to use screens (except video chat); the picture shows the situation.
(picture taken from freepik)
[Health Channel/Comprehensive Report] Babies look at the patterns on their mobile phones and tablets and laugh happily. However, American studies have pointed out that the length of screen time used in infancy will affect the development of children's executive ability after the age of 9. Such as attention, social interaction, emotional control, academic performance, etc.
The study was published in JAMA Pediatrics
Researchers found that increased screen time in infancy was linked to poorer executive functioning after age 9, according to CNN.
This 10-year study investigated the status of women from different socioeconomic backgrounds in the first trimester of pregnancy. The sample consisted of 437 children who underwent EEG scans to observe the brain cognition of these children at 1 year, 18 months and 9 years Functional neural pathways.
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Based on parents' reported screen time for each child, the researchers found an association between screen time in infancy and attention and executive function at age 9.
According to the Harvard Center for Child Development, executive function is the mental process that "allows us to plan, focus, remember instructions, and multitask successfully."
Executive function affects children's future development
Erika Chiappini, an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, noted that, according to the study, these executive functions are important for higher-level cognition, such as emotion regulation, learning, academic achievement and mental health.
They affect a child's future social, professional and self-care success.
Although these cognitive processes develop naturally from infancy into adulthood, they are also influenced by experiences during development.
Joyce Harrison, an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, said the findings support the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendation to discourage screen use (except for video chatting) by children under 18 months of age.
Human relationships cannot be replaced by screens
While further research is needed to determine whether screen use leads to impaired executive function, or whether there are other factors in children's environments that contribute to executive function impairment, Harrison noted that screens cannot replace human interaction and teaching.
Garpini also said that infants have difficulty understanding information on screens and distinguishing between fantasy and reality. Babies and children are social learners. They must learn through back and forth interactions with others, which is difficult to achieve on the screen. of.
Although parents sometimes hope to distract their children by letting their children use mobile phones and tablets when they are working or doing housework, Harrison urged that for young children, it is best to avoid contact with screens; Trying to involve your child in household chores, such as placing the baby in a safe position and making eye contact while doing chores, will be more helpful for the child's interpersonal interaction and future executive function development.
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