Physicians reminded that cancer prevention should be done as early as possible, and at least five major cancers should be checked once to understand one's physical condition; the picture shows the situation.

(picture taken from shutterstock)

[Health Channel/Comprehensive Report] The National Health Administration of the Ministry of Health and Welfare recently announced the 2020 cancer registration report. The number of cancer patients has increased. Every 4 minutes and 19 seconds, one person is confirmed to have cancer. Don’t be afraid to go to medical institutions for cancer screening because of the fear of infection, especially for colon cancer, lung cancer, female breast cancer, liver cancer and oral cancer. These 5 major cancers are indispensable.

Qian Zhengping, vice president of Beitou Health Management Hospital, pointed out that according to the 2020 cancer registration report released by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the top ten cancers (combined by men and women) ranked in order: colorectal cancer, lung cancer, female breast cancer, liver cancer, oral cancer (including Oropharynx, hypopharynx), prostate cancer, thyroid cancer, stomach cancer, skin cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Among them, colorectal cancer has ranked first in the list of Chinese cancers for 15 consecutive years, gastric cancer has moved forward to 8th, skin cancer has moved back to 9th, and cervical cancer, which originally ranked 10th in 2019, has also dropped out of the top ten rankings. Hodgkin's lymphoma rose to No. 10.

Please read on...

2020 Top Ten Cancer Rankings for Chinese People.

(Provided by Beitou Health Management Hospital)

Qian Zhengping pointed out that cancer is the top 10 cause of death for Chinese people. Regular cancer screening can help to detect abnormalities early. Early treatment can effectively delay the progression of cancer, reduce mortality, and even prevent the occurrence of cancer.

He also pointed out that many people’s attitude towards cancer is to wait for obvious symptoms of discomfort, or even delay to unbearable, and then urgently seek medical treatment. At this time, the cancer may have developed to an advanced stage, and the golden opportunity for treatment may be missed.

For colorectal cancer, which has the highest incidence rate, there are almost no symptoms in the early stage. When unexplained weight loss, anemia, sudden change in bowel habits, etc. appear, most of them are the manifestations of advanced colorectal cancer.

If high-risk cancerous adenomatous polyps can be removed before they develop into cancer through gastrointestinal endoscopy, the chance of developing colorectal cancer in the future can be completely blocked.

Top 5 cancers to get checked for at least once

●Colorectal cancer:

At present, the National Health Administration provides people aged 50-74 with a fecal occult blood test every 2 years. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, it can reduce the mortality rate of colorectal cancer by 35%.

Qian Zhengping reminded high-risk groups of colorectal cancer that they can take the initiative to start early at the age of 45 and arrange gastrointestinal endoscopy at their own expense.

Early colorectal cancer is almost asymptomatic. If a high-risk adenomatous polyp is found through gastrointestinal endoscopy, it can be removed immediately, which can completely block the chance of developing colorectal cancer in the future.

(picture taken from shutterstock)

●Lung cancer:

At present, international medicine has confirmed that low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) of the lungs can help find early-stage lung cancer.

The National Health Administration has also included LDCT in the cancer screening subsidy program, and eligible subjects are provided with a low-dose computerized tomography examination every 2 years.

Qian Zhengping suggested that no matter whether you have smoking habits or family history, you can take the initiative to arrange an LDCT for yourself at the age of 40-50, and follow up with regular follow-up follow-up according to the doctor's advice.

●Female breast cancer:

The National Health Department provides mammograms for women aged 45-69 and women aged 40-44 who have had breast cancer in their second-degree blood relatives every two years.

An empirical study by the Ministry of Health and Welfare has found that mammography every two years can reduce breast cancer mortality by 41% and reduce the incidence of advanced breast cancer by 30%.

Qian Zhengping reminds all women to take the initiative to care about their own breast health from the age of 20. In addition to self-examination, for those aged 20-44, since the breasts of young women are relatively dense, mammography is very important for the detection of dense breasts. The sensitivity of breast cancer is low, and it is recommended to arrange an annual breast ultrasound examination, which can help evaluate whether there is a lump in the breast.

A breast ultrasound can help evaluate if there is a lump in the breast.

(picture taken from shutterstock)

● Liver cancer:

Hepatitis B and C are the main causes of death from chronic liver disease and liver cancer. In recent years, hepatitis has achieved good results in drug treatment. Patients with hepatitis B and C must be tracked regularly and evaluated for antiviral drug treatment to avoid Let hepatitis worsen into cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Qian Zhengping pointed out that the liver is a silent organ, and "regularly arranging health checkups" is the key action to prevent liver diseases. ) combined with imaging examination (abdominal ultrasound) to do a preliminary defense for the liver.

●Oral cancer:

At present, the National Health Department provides oral mucosal examinations every 2 years for aboriginals aged 18 to under 30 who have chewed betel nut (including those who have quit) or who have chewed betel nut (including quit) or smokers over the age of 30.

Qian Zhengping reminded that long-term chronic stimulation is the main cause of oral cancer, among which chewing betel nut is the most important (about 90% of oral cancer patients have the habit of chewing betel nut); cancer), poor oral hygiene, sharp cavities or residual roots, improperly made or damaged prosthetics (such as dentures, caps), and long-term malnutrition also have a higher chance of inducing oral cancer.

It is recommended that those who have the above risk factors must ask a specialist for oral examination regularly.

Physicians recommend that chewing betel nuts, smoking, alcohol, excessive sun exposure (lip cancer), poor oral hygiene, sharp cavities or stumps, poorly made or broken prosthetics (such as dentures, caps) and chronic malnutrition are the best It is best to ask a dentist to do oral examinations regularly to detect lesions early; the picture shows the situation.

(picture taken from shutterstock)

●Other cancers:

Dr. Qian Zhengping also added that prostate cancer and thyroid cancer rank 6th and 7th in incidence.

Due to the Westernized diet of Chinese people and the increase in the elderly population, the risk of prostate cancer exclusively for men has also increased. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Earlier, there is a chance of developing prostate cancer.

It is recommended that adult males should arrange a prostate ultrasound examination every year, together with the detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA), to make the detection more accurate.

Young people need to pay attention to the possibility of thyroid cancer, and the incidence rate is higher in women.

Qian Zhengping recommends that the public arrange regular thyroid ultrasound examinations for themselves starting at the age of 20. If any abnormalities are found, they can be accompanied by fine-needle aspiration cytology examinations according to the doctor's advice.

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  • colorectal cancer

  • liver cancer

  • Oral Cancer

  • lung cancer

  • cancer screening

  • top ten cancers

  • LDCT

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