Nutritionists pointed out that zinc is very important for maintaining immune system function and promoting wound healing, so it is recommended to supplement more during the recovery period, and foods with high zinc content include lean beef, pumpkin seeds, etc.; schematic diagram.

(picture taken from freepik)

[Health Channel/Comprehensive Report] Abdominal pain and flatulence are prone to occur in winter, which may actually be related to peptic ulcer.

Nutritionist Xue Xiaojing explained that peptic ulcer is caused by many factors, such as tobacco, alcohol or genetics.

In addition, she also listed 6 solutions to improve discomfort, including a mild and non-irritating diet in the acute phase, supplementing zinc and selenium, high-fiber diet, supplementing probiotics, avoiding tobacco, alcohol and coffee, and supplementing iron, folic acid and B12.

Xue Xiaojing pointed out in the Facebook page "Nutritionist Mother Xiaojing's Life Notes" that 10-20% of people in Taiwan suffer from peptic ulcer, which is a common disease. damaged.

Peptic ulcers are caused by a variety of factors, including environmental factors such as alcohol and nicotine, which can increase gastric acid secretion; genetics can also affect it. If parents have duodenal ulcers, the risk of children suffering from duodenal ulcers may be three times that of ordinary people.

Please read on...

Mild and non-irritating diet in the acute phase

Xue Xiaojing said that peptic ulcer should take different foods according to the degree, and the boundary should be 2-3 days after hemostasis.

●Within 2-3 days after hemostasis:

do not eat for the time being, wait for complete hemostasis, and then start eating with the doctor's permission.

And should give priority to liquid, easy-to-digest diet, such as milk or food made into liquid food.

After 2-3 days after hemostasis to the recovery period:

you can start to eat a soft diet or a mild diet, including non-irritating, low-fiber, easy-to-digest and nutritious foods, such as fresh milk, soybean milk, rice, various Young leaves of vegetables, etc.

​High protein during the recovery period increases zinc and selenium

Xue Xiaojing mentioned that in addition to protein, the diet during the recovery period also needs to be supplemented with zinc and selenium in order to speed up the healing process.

Zinc is important for maintaining immune system function and promoting wound healing; selenium reduces infection and promotes healing.

For example, she gave examples of foods high in zinc, including oysters, lean beef, and pumpkin seeds; foods high in selenium, such as Brazil nuts, tuna, and sardines, are all good sources.

A High-Fiber Diet Reduces Pain and Discomfort

Xue Xiaojing explained that fiber will produce different physiological effects in the human body, and can be divided into water-soluble fiber and water-insoluble fiber.

●Soluble fiber: Fiber,

such as that found in apples, oatmeal, and avocado, increases the viscosity of intestinal contents.

●Insoluble fiber:

such as whole grains, granola and flaxseed, can increase the bulk of the stool, shorten the retention time in the large intestine, make the stool pass more easily and quickly, and reduce discomfort and pain.

Nutritionists mentioned that fiber will produce different physiological effects in the human body. For example, the fiber in apples is water-soluble, which can increase the viscosity of intestinal contents.

In addition, fiber regulates bowel function to reduce bloating, pain and discomfort; schematic diagram.

(The picture is taken from photoAC)

Xue Xiaojing added that fiber can effectively regulate intestinal function. It is recommended that people with peptic ulcers eat a diet rich in fiber, and the WHO also recommends that they should consume 20-30 grams of fiber per day.

In addition, fiber acts as a buffer, reducing the concentration of bile acids in the stomach and bowel transit time, thereby reducing bloating, gastrointestinal discomfort and pain.

Probiotics help reduce gastrointestinal bacteria

Xue Xiaojing said that clinical data show that probiotics are effective in many gastrointestinal diseases and can reduce the number of bacteria and infections.

In the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, probiotics can reduce the side effects of antibiotics and slightly improve the treatment effect.

Studies have also confirmed that lactic acid bacteria can reduce bacterial load and improve indigestion symptoms.

Avoid alcohol, tobacco and coffee to reduce stimulation

Xue Xiaojing pointed out that the damage caused by ulcers can usually be restored by changing diet and lifestyle.

Drinking alcohol can damage the digestive tract and may cause ulcers and other symptoms of alcohol-related diseases, such as esophagitis, chronic pancreatitis, gastritis, etc.

In addition, she also mentioned that smoking reduces mucus and bicarbonate secretion, increases duodenal and gastric flow, and increases the risk of ulcer formation.

Studies have shown that smokers have a higher death rate from peptic ulcers than non-smokers.

Among tobacco components, nicotine is the main cause of peptic ulcer development.

And even decaffeinated coffee may increase stomach acid production, leading to irritation of the mucous membranes.

In addition, soft carbonated drinks will also increase the production of acid, and gas will cause the stomach to expand, causing indigestion.

Anemia caused by antacids Iron, folic acid, B12

Xue Xiaojing explained that long-term use of antacids may lead to a lack of vitamin B12 and folic acid, which reduces the absorption of iron and leads to iron deficiency anemia.

Therefore, vitamin B12 should be taken every day, such as milk, meat and eggs.

And if you are deficient in folic acid, you can supplement it through legume foods, such as lentils, and meat.

Xue Xiaojing reminded that gastroduodenal ulcer and Helicobacter pylori infection may not only cause gastrointestinal bleeding, but also cause iron homeostasis imbalance in the body.

In order to prevent and treat iron deficiency anemia, it is recommended to take pig liver, oysters and clams with high hemosiderin content in animals.

While taking high-iron foods, adding vitamin C fruits, such as guava, cherries, and kiwis, can also enhance the absorption of non-heme iron in the diet.

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  • high fiber

  • gastric ulcer

  • anemia

  • high protein

  • vitamins

  • Probiotics

  • peptic ulcer

  • folic acid

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