Physicians say staying hydrated is the most important thing to do in caring for acute gastroenteritis.

Because there may be vomiting, it is recommended to add water slowly and continuously in one bite at a time; the picture is a situational photo, and the characters in the picture have nothing to do with this article.

(picture taken from freepik)

[Health Channel/Comprehensive Report] Vomiting, diarrhea and fever are the most common symptoms of acute gastroenteritis, which can occur in any age group. If it occurs in children, how should we take care of it?

In this regard, the doctor reminded that if symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea are found, it is recommended to add water in small amounts and multiple meals; avoid fried food, sugary diet, let the child fast for too long, and drink breast milk without diluting the milk powder. Wash your hands frequently to reduce touching your mouth and nose, which is conducive to the replenishment of intestinal water and electrolytes.

Lai Fuping, the attending physician of the Pediatric Gastroenterology Department of Tainan Xinlou Hospital, posted on the Facebook fan page "Xiaodudu-Pediatric Gastroenterology Physician Lai Fuping", pointing out that diarrhea, stomach pain, vomiting and fever are common symptoms of acute gastroenteritis, generally as long as the doctor's clinical assessment can be diagnosed.

Acute gastroenteritis is mostly caused by viruses (a few bacteria) infecting the body through the mouth, causing acute symptoms of gastrointestinal inflammation, and the course of the disease is about 1 week.

She also provides advice on the proper way for parents to care for their children with acute gastroenteritis.

Please read on...

Replenish water frequently

Because of diarrhea and vomiting, poor appetite when sick, and children usually don't ask for water, they are prone to dehydration.

The objective observation of dehydration is less urine.

Hydration is the most important thing in caring for acute gastroenteritis.

Because there may be vomiting, it is recommended to replenish water slowly and continuously replenish one mouthful at a time.

In addition, electrolyzed water is a better choice for acute gastroenteritis, because the osmotic pressure, glucose and electrolyte concentrations in it are designed to facilitate intestinal water absorption and electrolyte supplementation.

food molecule

It is not recommended to keep children fasting for too long because they are afraid of vomiting or diarrhea. This will limit the intake of nutrients. On the contrary, food also has a positive impact on the recovery of the gastrointestinal tract. Stimulated by food, intestinal cells will accelerate regeneration and intestinal passage. Reduced permeability will also stimulate the secretion of intestinal hormones and improve gastrointestinal function.

small meals

About 4 to 6 hours after you start hydrating, try to eat normal food.

What should I eat then?

Overly restrictive diets (such as eating only white porridge, white toast, bananas, apples) are no longer promoted.

You can try the non-staple food that babies usually eat, the food that children eat, rice, noodles, lean meat, vegetables, and fruits.

Avoid fried, greasy and high sugar diet

The only items that need to be avoided are high-fat and high-sugar foods, such as fruit juices, soft drinks, milk tea, candies, biscuits, cakes, ice cream, fried foods, greasy dishes, etc.

Because high-fat food is not easy to digest, it will accumulate in the stomach and cause discomfort and vomiting.

High-sugar foods will increase the osmotic pressure in the intestines, making diarrhea more severe.

Can drink breast milk without diluting milk powder

Babies who drink breast milk can continue to breastfeed to replenish water and nutrition; children who drink formula milk are not recommended to dilute milk powder in principle, and can drink milk normally.

The saying that the milk powder is dilute is mainly concerned about lactose intolerance, but only a small part of acute gastroenteritis will be combined with lactose intolerance.

Of course, if you find that abdominal pain and diarrhea intensify after drinking milk, you can temporarily avoid dairy products, or discuss with your doctor whether to replace lactose-free milk powder.

Wash your hands frequently and reduce touching your mouth and nose

Acute gastroenteritis is mainly transmitted through fecal-oral transmission. Germs contaminate food or the environment, and if you inadvertently eat it, you may be infected.

Therefore, washing your hands frequently and reducing touching your mouth and nose is the key to preventing infection.

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  • acute gastroenteritis

  • children

  • Vomit

  • diarrhea

  • Add water

  • Gastrointestinal discomfort

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