The doctor reminded that abdominal distention is a warning signal from the body, so don't ignore it; the picture shows the situation.

(Photo credit: shutterstock)

Text / Zhang Huijie

Many people have experienced "bloating".

It can happen to all age groups.

There are hundreds of reasons for bloating, which can be a reaction to dysfunction, inflammation, and obstruction.

If in doubt, consult your doctor for the best solution.

6 common symptoms of bloating

● hiccup

● fart

●A feeling of abdominal pain, cramping, or knots.

Feeling of fullness or pressure in the abdomen (bloating)

observable abdominal enlargement (distention)

Two major causes of abdominal distension: intestinal dysfunction, abdominal organic disease

◎Intestinal dysfunction

Please read on...

1. Bad eating habits:

eating too much at once, eating too fast; or eating, talking, or snoring while sleeping and swallowing too much air, etc., may cause abdominal bloating.

This situation usually improves quickly by adjusting eating habits or treating the problem of apnea syndrome.

2. Habitual constipation:

common in the elderly.

It may be that the bowel movements are weak, or the gas in the intestines may be blocked by feces and cannot be discharged normally, thereby causing abdominal bloating.

3. Irritable Bowel Disorder:

Sometimes constipation, sometimes diarrhea, or both in a short period of time.

And there are symptoms such as abdominal pain, abdominal distension, incomplete bowel movement or mucus in the stool.

This type of bloating usually occurs repeatedly over a long period of time and often bothers the patient.

◎ Abdominal organic lesions

Common causes:

gastroesophageal reflux, peptic ulcer, intestinal adhesions, gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer perforation, causing inflammation of the abdominal cavity, or a tumor in the abdominal organs, and intra-abdominal hydrops (or blood or empyema).

Organs in the abdominal cavity such as liver, kidney, pancreas or large intestine, ovary, etc. have tumors, and there may be no obvious feeling or only a little swelling in the initial stage.

However, if the malignant tumor is in the middle or advanced stage, the feeling of abdominal distension may become obvious.

Ways to improve flatulence: adjustment of diet and living habits, drug treatment

Diet and Habits:

Foods that are high in gas should be avoided as much as possible: beans, onions, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, white cauliflower, artichokes, asparagus, pears, peaches, sugar-free candy, chewing gum, whole wheat bread, whole Cereal or muffins, milk, cream, ice cream and beer, sodas and other carbonated beverages.

In addition, eat slowly, and minimize fried foods, high-fat foods


There are a variety of medications used to treat bloating.

To use drugs to treat flatulence, it is necessary to understand the cause of its formation, and then prescribe the right medicine to achieve the maximum benefit.

(The author is a physician in the Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatobiliary and Gastroenterology of Shin Kong Hospital, and this article is taken from Shin Kong Medical News)

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  • constipate

  • gastric ulcer

  • irritable bowel syndrome

  • bloating

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