Mexico was the only country in Latin America that did not break relations with revolutionary Cuba when we were expelled from the OAS by imperial mandate, said the president.

Photo: @GobiernoMx

Intervention of the President of the Republic Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez in the civic-military parade on the occasion of the celebrations for the anniversary of the Grito de Dolores.

Mexico, September 16, 2021.

Dear Andrés Manuel López Obrador, President of the United Mexican States:

Distinguished guests and guests:

Dear Mexico:

Thank you for the opportunity you give us to bring the grateful embrace of Cuba to your beautiful national celebrations for that Grito de Dolores that aroused so much libertarian eagerness in our region more than 200 years ago.

Among all the brothers that Our America gave us, Mexico counts, for many reasons, as one of the most endearing to Cuba.

That affection that unites our lands begins with the dazzling that its deep and diverse traces in the Literature and History of America provoke in us:

"How beautiful is the land inhabited by the brave Aztecs", says in the "Teocalli de Cholula", the Cuban José María Heredia, opening a fascinating door to that Our World, long before the terrible conquest that would begin centuries later, with slaughter and destruction without restraint, the Spanish troops that came from Santiago de Cuba, under the command of Hernán Cortes.

But no one will tell us more about Mexico than José Martí. I quote excerpts from his memorable speech delivered at the evening in honor of this country at the Hispano-American Literary Society in 1891: “(…) today we gather to honor the nation girded with palm trees and orange blossoms that rises, like a flower of glory, to the blue sky, the free peaks where the railway whistle awakens, crowned with roses as yesterday, with the health of work on the cheek, the indomitable soul that sparkled with embers in the ashes of Cuauhtémoc, never extinguished. We salute a people that melts, in a melting pot of their own metal, the civilizations that fell upon it to destroy it! ”.

Later, referring to the significant date that we commemorate today, he states: “… Three hundred years later, a priest (…) summoned his village to war against parents who denied their own children life of soul; It was the hour of the Sun, when the adobe huts of the poor Indian woman were lightening among the mulberry trees; And never, although veiled a hundred times by blood, has Hidalgo's sun ceased to shine! The heads of heroes were hung in iron cages; the heroes bit the dust of a bullet in the heart; but on September 16 of each year, at dawn, the President of the Republic of Mexico cheers, before the people, the free homeland, waving the flag of Dolores ”. End of quote.

Due to its characteristics, the Mexican independence process, which began with the Grito de Dolores, led by Father Miguel Hidalgo on a day like today in 1810, and was consummated 11 years later with the entry of the Trigarante Army in Mexico City, had a notorious component of social and indigenous demands that differentiated it from other processes that typified the time of independence.

Its impact was, without a doubt, extraordinary in the libertarian and anti-colonialist struggle in our region and particularly in Cuba.

It collected ancestral aspirations of entire peoples that inhabited the territory, not only Mexican, but also Central and South America and the Antilles;

he vindicated all the poor creole sectors - black whites and mestizos - plunged into misery, hunger and exploitation and opposed the slavery of the black.

The broad popular presence had a decisive influence on its radicalization and the realization of important social and political demands, which was an immense inspiration and encouragement for our independence movement.

There are not a few notable Cubans who left their blood and their names in the history of Mexico.

The Cuban solidarity stands out especially in Mexico's confrontation with the Texas invasions in 1835-1836 and the North American invasion from 1846 to 48, the generals Pedro Ampudia, Juan Valentín Amador, Jerónimo Cardona, Manuel Fernández Castrillón, Antonio Gaona, Pedro Lemus stand out. and Anastasio Parrodi.

The Cubans Florencio Villareal and José María Pérez Hernández launched in March 1854 the historic Ayutla plan, decisive in the breakdown of the Mexican army and society with the dictatorial government of General Santa Anna.

As the prestigious researcher René González Barrios has confirmed, several of those men held key positions in Mexican political-military life and were governors or military commanders in important places in the country.

Two of them, Major Generals Anastasio Parrodi and Pedro Ampudia Grimarest were War and Navy ministers in the Benito Juárez government during the War of the Reform.

In the Congress, the Government, the exile or the War alongside Juárez there were always Cubans.

His magnificent work is praised by prominent compatriots such as General Domingo Goicuría y Cabrera and the poets Juan Clemente Zenea and Pedro Santacilia, who was his son-in-law, secretary and agent of the Republic of Cuba in Arms before the Mexican government.

In the war against the French, the brothers Manuel and Rafael de Quesada y Loynaz, general and colonel respectively, served the Mexican army; Colonels Luis Eduardo del Cristo, Rafael Bobadilla and Francisco León Tamayo Viedman; Commander Rafael Argilagos Gimferrer and Captain Félix Aguirre. All would return to Cuba, at the beginning of the Ten Years' War.

Mexico was the first country to recognize our armed struggle and to open its ports to ships with the flag of the lone star.

It was approved by Congress, Juárez sentenced and thanked by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, the President of the Republic in Arms, in a memorable letter to his Mexican counterpart and I quote: “… highly satisfactory that Mexico was the first nation in America to have declared thus his generous sympathies to the cause of the independence and freedom of Cuba… ”.

One of the main tasks that Pedro Santacilia would then fulfill, with the consent of Juárez, was to send a select group of Mexican soldiers to Cuba to contribute to the formation and training of the nascent Liberation Army.

The Mexicans shone in the fields of Cuba and their feats inspired the troops and all who heard of them.

Once again, the Father of the Cuban Nation left a record of that delivery, in a letter to the “Benemérito de las Américas”.

Céspedes writes: “… some Mexican gentlemen have come here and shed their generous blood on our soil and for our cause, and the whole country has shown its gratitude for their heroic action…”.

Two of those brave Mexican soldiers, veterans of the War of the Reform and the fight against the French empire, came to hold the ranks of Brigadier General of the Cuban Liberation Army and were part of the cadre of its main leaders: José Inclán Risco and Gabriel González Galbán.

The president of Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, arrived in Mexico this Thursday morning as the guest of honor at the events for the 211st anniversary of the Grito de Dolores and the 200th anniversary of independence.

Photo: @GobiernoMx

Dear friends and friends:

Because of that endearing memory that



we are shaken and inspired by these acts that revere history and we return again and again to each line written for Mexico by José Martí, who forever links our two nations in all his work, but especially in the letters to his great Mexican friend Manuel Mercado.

It is also to that friend of the soul whom he leaves in an unfinished letter, his resounding political testament: the will consecrated to the objective of “preventing in time, with the independence of Cuba, the United States from spreading through the Antilles and falling, with that force more, on our lands of America ”.

Years before, on the way to Veracruz, he wrote: “Oh dear Mexico!

Oh adored Mexico, see the dangers that surround you!

Hear the cry of a child of yours who was not born to you!

To the north, a wicked neighbor is curdled (…) You will order yourself: you will understand;

you will guide yourself: I will have died, Oh Mexico for defending you and loving you! ”.

Here died by the Revolution, the young communist Julio Antonio Mella

, murdered on a street in this same city where, years later, Ernesto Che Guevara and Fidel Castro would meet, through his brother Raúl.

Here the youth of the Centennial Generation trained and organized their expedition.

Here they forged friendships and affections that still endure and that were immortalized in a song that is like a hymn from those epic times: “La Lupe” by Juan Almeida Bosque.

From that Mexican period, the names of María Antonia González, Antonio del Conde, El Cuate, key in the acquisition of the yacht Granma, Arsacio Venegas and Kid Medrano, professional wrestlers who gave physical training, remained forever in Cuban history. to the troops, Irma and Joaquina Vanegas, who offered their house as a camp.

The passage of Fidel and his companions through Mexico left a deep impression on future Granma expeditionaries and a host of legends everywhere that is still spoken of with admiration and respect.

We will never forget that thanks to the support of many Mexican friends, the yacht Granma set sail from Tuxpan, Veracruz, on November 25, 1956. From that historic vessel, the newly born Rebel Army descended seven days later, on December 2, He was coming to liberate Cuba.

Nor do we forget that just a few months after the historic triumph of the Revolution in 1959, General Lázaro Cárdenas visited us.

His desire to be with our people as a result of the mercenary invasion by Playa Girón in 1961, significantly marks the character of our relations.

True to its best traditions, Mexico was the only country in Latin America that did not break relations with revolutionary Cuba when we were expelled from the OAS by imperial mandate.

Over the years, what history has inextricably linked has never been broken.

Our two countries have honored their sovereign policies, regardless of proximity or distance between governments.

What prevails is a very Mexican principle: respect for the rights of others is peace.

There is indisputable merit in those who have dedicated life and energy, soul and heart, to nurturing this brotherhood with the tenderness of the peoples.

I pay tribute here to the sustained, invariable, passionate and firm solidarity that we always find in this land, that all Cubans should love as we do.

The Cuban Apostle said it, who also drew with his colorful prose a faithful portrait of this generous people by stating: “As from the roots of the land comes to the Mexican that character of his, sagacious and stately, attached to the country he adores, where by the double work of the magnificent Nature and the brilliant touch of the legend and the epic, the order of the real and the romantic feeling come together in their rare measure ”.

From those words until today, the common heritage raised by an infinite list of prestigious intellectuals and artists from both nations has not stopped growing.

Literature, cinema, visual arts, bolero and mambo unite us.

It could be said that the significant cultural exchange between Mexico and Cuba reaches all the manifestations of culture in its broadest sense, since the relationship in sport is no less influential, especially baseball and boxing, where the connection is so natural. and profound that at times the exact origin of works and events is lost and it must be concluded that it comes from both.

Photo: @GobiernoMx

Friends and friends:

For these and other reasons that do not fit in a necessarily brief speech, it is a great honor to participate in the military parade that commemorates the beginning of the struggle for the independence of Mexico and to express our feelings before its government and its people.

I do so aware that it

is a recognition of the historical ties and brotherhood existing between Mexico and Cuba

, a genuine show of appreciation, affection and respect that I deeply appreciate on behalf of my people.

The decision to invite us has immeasurably greater value, at a time when we suffer the ravages of a multidimensional war, with a criminal blockade, opportunistically intensified, with more than 240 measures, in the midst of the COVID 19 pandemic that has such dramatic costs. for all, but in particular for the less developed countries.

We are facing, in parallel, an aggressive campaign of hatred, misinformation, manipulation and lies, mounted on the most diverse and influential digital platforms, which ignores all ethical limits.

Under the fire of that total war,

the solidarity of Mexico with Cuba has aroused in our people a greater admiration and the deepest gratitude.

Allow me to tell you, President, that

Cuba will always remember your expressions of support, your permanent demand for the lifting of the blockade and for the annual vote of the United Nations to be converted into concrete events

, something that your country has carried out in an exemplary way for our people.

We deeply appreciate the help received in medical supplies and food to alleviate the combined effects of economic harassment and the pandemic.

Sisters and brothers:

Faced with the complex epidemiological situation facing the world, solidarity and cooperation between our peoples acquires greater importance.

For this reason,

our health professionals and technicians did not hesitate to accompany the Mexican people as necessary.

And we will do it again whenever they need it.

We acknowledge the excellent work performed by Mexico at the head of the Pro Tempore Presidency of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, a mechanism with a genuine Latin American and Caribbean vocation aimed at defending unity in the diversity of Our America, in the face of the neoliberal recolonization project that is tries to impose us.

As Fidel expressed in a Cuban-Mexican Friendship Act held on August 2, 1980: “We will bear nothing against Mexico!

We will feel it as our own.

We will know how to be faithful to the friendship that centuries of history and beautiful common principles have forged! ”.

Long live Mexico!

Long live the friendship between Cuba and Mexico!

Photo: @GobiernoMx