Elon Musk's company Neuralink Elon Reeve Musk (English: Elon Reeve Musk, /ˈiːlɒn ˈmʌsk/) is a Canadian-American engineer, inventor, recently implanted his first chip in a human brain. The implant is a brain-computer interface (BCI). Its placement was surgical and performed by a robot. This so-called PRIME study, short for Precise Robotically Implanted Brain-Computer Interface, involves testing Neuralink's medical device on people with medical problems.

The goal is for the implant to improve their condition, but Musk's plans and the technology's potential are much bigger.

Neuralink's implant uses specially made microscopic needles. The company explains that "their tip is only 10 to 12 microns in width—slightly larger than the diameter of a red blood cell."

On TV: Musk implants his first human brain chip

The small size allows the threads to be placed with minimal damage to the cerebral cortex. The implant includes 1,024 electrodes spread across 64 threads, and the Neuralink user app connects wirelessly to a computer. The company's website states:

"The N1 implant is powered by a small battery, charged wirelessly externally via a compact, inductive charger, allowing easy use from anywhere."

In recruiting volunteers for the implant, Neuralink explained that "the device is designed to interpret a person's neural activity so that they can operate a computer or smartphone."

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What does all this mean and is there any danger, asks Harvard professor Avi Loeb.

The implementation of a symbiotic digital layer in the human brain brings new medical possibilities, the professor begins.

Musk shrewdly reasoned: "Imagine that Stephen HawkingProfessor Stephen William Hawking (in English: Stephen William Hawking) is an English physicist. Until 2009, Lukasov can communicate faster than the speed of a typewriter."

Musk on brain implants: Imagine if Stephen Hawking had one

"Indeed, when I saw Hawking in 2015, after his lecture, his assistant called me over and said, 'Stephen is bored. Do you mind talking to him?" I approached Steven and invited him to attend the launch of the Harvard Black Hole Initiative. It took Steven ten minutes to compose a short affirmative response using a motion-transformation machine on his eyebrows into text. This inefficient transfer of information eventually led to Hawking's three-week visit to the US in April 2016. If Hawking had a chip to translate his thoughts, our conversations would have been much more effective," says Loeb.

In 2021, the US Food and Drug Administration published a paper on the medical promise of brain chips: "Implanted BCI devices have the potential to benefit people with severe disabilities by increasing their ability to interact with their environment and therefore provide them with new independence in everyday life."

In the long term, enhancing the human body with electronic components may offer better prospects for survival on long journeys through interstellar space. The concept of a cybernetically enhanced human was introduced by Manfred Klein and Nathan Klein as "cyborg" in a 1960 article entitled "Cyborgs and Space".

But as with any new technology, there are risks.

The ability to translate thoughts into practice allows them to be read.

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"Suppose the Department of Homeland Security found through the BCI application that some tourists or citizens were exhibiting thoughts hostile to the United States. Would the federal authorities have legal grounds to prosecute or imprison these people if they were thinking about crimes before their thoughts to materialize in action?", asks Loeb, writes dir.bg.

The concept of "Thought Police" was developed in George Orwell's dystopia "1984" as a symbol of the all-encompassing control a government can have over its citizens.

The ability to read people's minds can make this idea a reality. Although the technology does not yet allow this, we should not ignore its potential.

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